在线阅读 --自然科学版 2014年4期《山东运河开凿的生态环境效应》
山东运河开凿的生态环境效应--[在线阅读]
路洪海1, 董杰1, 陈诗越2
1. 聊城大学 环境与规划学院, 山东 聊城 252059;
2. 聊城大学 运河研究院, 山东 聊城 252059
起止页码: 402--405页
DOI: 10.11826/j.issn.1000-5854.2014.04.017
摘要
结合文献资料和实地考察,分析了山东运河贯通后所面临的河床起伏较大、水源匮乏和黄河泛滥影响等问题.认为山东运河的开凿与变迁不仅影响着本区湖泊的形成与演化,也改变了水系的天然格局,致使原有河湖系统功能紊乱,沿运地区旱涝灾害发生频率明显增大,土地生产质量下降,同时也导致了生态环境的破坏.这对南水北调工程有可能引发的生态环境问题是一个历史借鉴.

The Digging and Navigation of Shandong Canal and Its Effects on the Eco-environments
LU Honghai1, DONG Jie1, CHEN Shiyue2
1. School of Environment and Planning, Liaocheng University, Shandong Liaocheng 252059, China;
2. The Research Center on Canal, Liaocheng University, Shandong Liaocheng 252059, China
Abstract:
Based on historical documents and field research,the problems that Shandong canal faced were analyzed. It was difficult to navigate because of the wide variation of the canal bed elevation,the shortage of water supply and the influence of Yellow River flood.The river systems and lakes were changed after the canal was dug.The natural pattern of water system was changed,and the function of rivers and lakes system was disordered, which increased the probability of flood and drought occurrence.The soil salination occurred,the production quality of land deteriorated and the eco-environment was destroyed.It might be a historical reference for the possible eco-environment problems of South-North Water Transfer Project.

收稿日期: 2014-3-5
基金项目: 山东省自然科学基金(ZR2013DL003)

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