检索
在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2007年6期《中世纪法国三级会议酷似英国国会》
中世纪法国三级会议酷似英国国会--[在线阅读]
马生祥, 贺军妙
河北师范大学历史文化学院 河北石家庄 050091
起止页码: 123--128页
DOI:
摘要
法国中世纪的三级会议(Ectats générax)其权力并非仅限于给国王提供咨询和协助, 奉命分配税额。实际上三级会议有权批准、征收和使用税收, 有权决定王位继承人、摄政人选及枢密院或政府组成人员, 决定大政方针和立法, 酷似英国斯图亚特王朝前的国会。由于英国贵族仅有政治特权, 而法国贵族不仅有政治特权, 而且有不纳税的经济特权, 这使有产者同王权加强同盟而反对贵族, 这就形成了17世纪以后法国三级会议同英国国会的差别。

On the similarities of the French ectats g n rax in the middle ages and English parliament
MA Sheng-xiang, HE Jun-miao
School of History, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050091, China
Abstract:
In the middle ages, the French ectats g n rax does not confine to consultancy, assistance and budget for the king. Committed to judicial rights, approval or execution of levies, monarch succession, and organization of the cabinet, it is exactly like the English parliament before the Stuart. While the British aristocrats only enjoy political privilege, the French counterparts boast political privilege, in addition to the waiving of levies, which result in the growing differences between the English parliament and the post ectats g n rax in the 17th century.

收稿日期: 2007-01-15
基金项目:

参考文献: