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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2005年2期《救亡强国:20世纪初启蒙文学思想的逻辑起点》
救亡强国:20世纪初启蒙文学思想的逻辑起点--[在线阅读]
李延江
石家庄学院中文系, 河北石家庄 050035
起止页码: 77--84页
DOI:
摘要
中国现代文学的启蒙姿态肇端于晚清的社会变革思潮,戊戌变法的失败引发了梁启超开启民智的思考,进而提出了“小说界革命”的口号,试图把文学作为改良社会的工具;之后,鲁迅也从强国的角度,提出以摩罗诗警醒民众的“立人”主张,现代意义的“个性解放”引进国门;至五四时期,“人的文学”思想浮出水面。这期间所表现出来的启蒙文学观念的变迁轨迹清晰可见,展现了“现代性“的成长历程,但无论是怎样的主张,其基本的出发点都没能脱出救亡强国的时代主题。这一主题可以看作是20世纪初中国现代文学发展的最根本的逻辑起点。

Saving China as the very start of the enlightening thoughts of literature in the 20th century
LI Yan-jiang
Department of Chinese, Shijiazhuang College, Shijiazhuang, Hebei 050035, China
Abstract:
The enlightenment of Chinese literature starts with the social reforms of the late Qing dynasty. The failure of the Reform Movement of 1898 initiates Liang Qichao's idea of the enlightenment aimed at awakening people and changing their ideas. Soon afterwards, he puts forward the dialogue of enabling literature to be a tool for the social reform. Meanwhile, Lu Xun also advocates Mara's mythological power of poetry. So, the door is open for the influx of the liberal ideas, and way is paved for human literature by the May 4th Movement. The changes of the enlightening concept of literature are observed to reflect the growth of modernism. But the main and basic theme of all this is to save China.

收稿日期: 2004-7-16
基金项目:

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