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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2004年1期《先秦儒家的国家结构观》
先秦儒家的国家结构观--[在线阅读]
周书灿
河南大学历史文化学院, 河南, 开封, 475001
起止页码: 115--122页
DOI:
摘要
先秦时期以孔子、孟子、荀子等为代表的儒家学派对中国古代国家结构形式进行了一系列论述,孔子和孟子倾向建立一个同西周王朝的国家结构相类似的封建等级秩序井然的一统国家,而荀子则更倾向建立一个以天王为首的统一的中央集权制的新型国家。成书于战国时期的儒家经典著作《禹贡》、《周礼》则为人们展示了一幅更为具体的统一国家结构形式的宏伟蓝图。其间自然包含了三代以来的种种新旧制度,甚至带有更多的理想成分。先秦儒家的国家结构观总的发展趋势是不断从遥远的远古向现实社会拉近,其积极、合理的内容最终为后代统治者所吸收,从而奠定了中国古代国家结构学说的基础。

A structural study of the Confucianism in the Pre-Qin China
ZHOU Shu-can
College of History and Cultures, Henan University, Kaifeng, Henan 475001, China
Abstract:
Throug hout the Pre-Qin history,Chinese scholars including Confucius,Mencius,and Xun Zi had had a systemic account of the st ructures of the ancient China .Whereas Confucius and Mencius tended to see China with a feudal and hierachical sy stem similar to that of the West Zhou Dy nast,Xun Zi favored a new type of country by centralism with an emperor.Their classic orks of Yugong,Zhou R:tes writ ten and published during the Warring State time provide us w th a panoramic blueprint of an integrated China in terms of hierachical st ructures.Of course,the works cover a historical account of the systems of the previous times , but with the ideal component s of the authors.Hence,it is believed that the Pre-Qin account s of the structures and systems just help bring the primitive, distant to the realistic and close to the current social systems .The active and ratio nal sug gestions of the works that have been inherited by therulers of different times have served as foundat ions for structures or systems of the ancient Chin.

收稿日期: 2003-6-19
基金项目:

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