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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2003年5期《经济学的人性基础》
经济学的人性基础--[在线阅读]
史东明
北京理工大学人文学院 北京 100081
起止页码: 30--36页
DOI:
摘要
经济学有渊源的人性基础。斯密的"利己心"成为市场经济制度的基础。戈森发现了边际效用递减规律和享乐最大化定律。凯恩斯利用人的基本心理规律成功实现了宏观调控政策。贝克尔从人性出发对人类行为的经济分析解决了许多发展难题。制度经济学健全人性:以制度的激励机制调动人的积极性,以制度的约束机制制约人的消极行为,成为发展的关键。发展经济的根本目的是为了全面发展人性,人性发展对经济发展也有巨大的反作用。

The human basis of the economics
SHI Dong-ming
School of Humanities, Beijing University of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
Abstract:
Economics is based on an abundance of human basis. Smith's egoism has become a basic system of marketing economy. Golson has discovered the descending law of boundary effect and the maximum law of hedonism. Keynes has successfully fulfilled the overall coordinating policies by means of the human psychology. Still, Becker has, by humanities, solved many economic problems existing in human activities. All this speaks for the systematic economics in complementation with humanities in that: 1. the stimulating mechanisms of the system help develop human enthusiasm; 2. the restricting mechanisms of the system help control human pessimism, which is vital for the development. Likewise, the key of the economic development lies in the extensive development of humanities. And the development of humanities, in turn, helps to push forward the economic development.

收稿日期: 2003-3-24
基金项目:

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