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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2002年2期《英国工党与英国两党政治》
英国工党与英国两党政治--[在线阅读]
司美丽
北京联合大学应用文理学院人文与管理科学系, 北京 100083
起止页码: 44--47页
DOI:
摘要
英国工党诞生后锐意向政坛进军,取代自由党进入英国两党制轨道。二战后工党上台执政推行国有化和福利政策,取得很大成就,迫使保守党向工党政策趋同。 70年代末,英国爆发经济危机,保守党率先改革,推行新自由主义政策,激活了经济。为摆脱 18年在野的困境,工党进行政策革新,从而赢得 1997年大选的胜利,重新上台执政,现在是工党向保守党政策趋同

The Labour Party and bipartisan system in U.K.
SI Mei-li
Department of Humanities and Managerial Science, College of Applied Sciences and Liberal Arts, Beijing United University, Beijing, 100083, China
Abstract:
Upon its creation,the Labour Party had quickly replaced the Liberal Party as one of the two biggest parties in U.K.After the Second World War,the Labour Party nationalised a wide range of industries and provided a range of welfare payments. The great a chievements it attained made the policies of the Conservative Party tend to converge on the policies of the Labour Party.At the end of 70s of 20th century,when there was an economic crisis,the Conservative Party took the lead to reform,favouring liberal policies,and the British economy boomed. In 1997,the Labour Party made innovation in their policies and won the election.Now the policies of Labour Party tend to converge on the policies of the Conservative Party

收稿日期: 2001-9-5
基金项目:

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