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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2000年1期《试论周恩来的戏剧观念》
试论周恩来的戏剧观念--[在线阅读]
焦尚志, 崔国良
南开大学周恩来研究中心 天津 300071
起止页码: 39--43页
DOI:
摘要
周恩来是艺术功利论者,他把戏剧当作一种思想启蒙和革命宣传的重要武器与工具,但他又谙熟戏剧艺术的自身特点与规律,因此,他尊重艺术家的创造性劳动,反对动辄给艺术家和戏剧作品“戴帽子”、“打棍子”等简单粗暴的态度和做法;他站在马克思主义功利论的立场上,针对当时重思想、轻艺术的“左”的倾向,提出并强调思想性与艺术性辩证统一的观点,从而丰富和发挥了马克思主义文艺理论和美学思想;在广采博取中外文化的基础上,坚持走中国自己的道路,实现戏剧的民族化,是周恩来戏剧观念的又一重要特征,也是他一贯主张和毕生追求的艺术理想;此外,高尚的审美情趣和卓拔的艺术鉴赏力,进一步升华了周恩来的戏剧观念。

On Zhou Enlai’s idea on drama
JIAO Shangzhi, CUI Guoliang
Institute for the Study of Zhou Enlai, Nankai University, Tianjin, 300071, China
Abstract:
Zhou Enlai was an art utilitarian,who regarded drama as an idcological enlightenment and the important weapon and tool for pablicity of revolution,and he understood the characters and rules of the art itself,and therefore,he respected the creative works by the artists and opposed to the simple rude attitude and measures to the artists and the drama works,such as "put on cap"("dai mao zi")and "attack by baton"("dagun zi");taking to the stand of Marxism utilitarianism,against the "left"way of thinking which takes the ideology seriously but belittles the art at that time.He referred to and emphasized the dialectics and unity of the thinking and the artistry,which enriched and developed Marxist art theory and aesthetics idea. On the basis of widely taking advantage of the art board and aboard,he insisted in going along the road that belongs to China to realize the nationalization of the drama,which is another important character of Zhou Enlai's idea on drama and which is also the assertion he persisted in and longed for all his life.Besides,his literary taste and the super art appreciation advanced Zhou Enlai's idea on drama further.
Key words: Zhou Enlai; Marxism; idea;

收稿日期: 1998-12-16
基金项目:

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