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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 1999年4期《中国历史地理学的历史、现状和发展趋势》
中国历史地理学的历史、现状和发展趋势--[在线阅读]
吴宏岐
陕西师范大学中国历史地理研究所, 陕西西安 710062
起止页码: 62--68页
DOI:
摘要
回顾二千多年来中国历史地理学的学术发展史,发现这门学科的发展明显经历了以沿革地理学为主体的传统中国历史地理学、“地理化”逐步加强的近代中国历史地理学、“研究历史时期地理环境的变化”的现代中国历史地理学这三个主要阶段。现代中国历史地理学在历史自然地理研究、历史经济地理研究、历史政区地理和历史人口地理研究、历史文化地理研究、区域历史地理研究、历史地图编制、历史地理文献研究、历史地理学理论和通论历史地理研究等诸多方面取得了较大学术成就。近二十年,尤其是进入90年代以来,中国历史地理研究出现了许多新的特点,可持续发展问题受到普遍关注,综合研究和区域研究逐渐得到重视,分支学科的不断出现将导致历史地理学科理论体系的重大变化。

The history,present situation and trend of development of study on Chinese historical geography
WU Hong qi
Shanxi Normal University, Xi’an 710062, China
Abstract:
By looking back the history of study on Chinese historical geography over 2000 years, this paper points out that the subject has experienced obviously three stages:the traditional,the ancient time nearest to the present and the contemporary.The first,the evolution of Chinese geography was main stream.Second,“geographize”prevailed step by step.Today,the change of environment in history is being researched.The great achievements of research on contemporary Chinese historical geography have been made in nature,economy,administration,population,culture,areas,mapping,the documents,the theory and the general studies,etc.Many new distinguishing features have emerged during the study in Chinese historical geography within the recent twenty years,particularly in 90s'.Such as the problem of sustainable development has been being paid more attention to,synthetic and regional research have been being increasingly thought highly of and branches of this subject have appeared continuously.All these traits will bring about great changes to the theory system of historical geography.

收稿日期: 1999-3-10
基金项目:

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