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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2008年2期《先秦散文萌芽之新探》
先秦散文萌芽之新探--[在线阅读]
胡宝珍
河北师范大学文学院, 河北石家庄 050091
起止页码: 98--102页
DOI:
摘要
上古文学只有口头形式的原始歌谣和神话传说,歌谣的文体属性为诗,是没有异议的,而神话传说在文体方面却陷于无所归属的状态,原因就是通行的观点认为必先有文字,然后才有散文,故我国最早的散文是商代的甲骨文。这种看法显然割裂了口头文学阶段与书面文学阶段的联系。事实上散文也有过口头形态,古代神话传说就代表着口头文学时期散文的最高成就。甲骨文时期,还有铸于铜器、书于简帛的散文,散文已经脱离了萌芽状态。只有字句而不成篇章的甲骨文只是当时散文的一种特殊类型,根据其主要特点及内容可以称之为占卜文。

A new probe into the start of the Pre-Qin prose
HU Bao-zhen
School of Chinese,Hebei Normal University,Shijiazhuang,Hebei 050091,China
Abstract:
The ancient classic literature is said to possess two genres,oral ballads and fairy tales.The style of ballads is poetry,but fairy tales fall into no literary category.It is generally thought that the words exist first before the appearance of prose,and it is speculated that the earliest Chinese prose appears on the tortoise shells in Shang dynasty.However,the author argues that this cuts off the natural connection of the oral and written literature.In effect,prose may be in the oral form.So the works inscribed on tortoise shells,bronze wares,and bamboos are all in the mature literary stage.

收稿日期: 2007-6-19
基金项目:

参考文献: