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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2010年5期《秦汉俗赋的传播媒介与渠道及流失原因臆说》
秦汉俗赋的传播媒介与渠道及流失原因臆说--[在线阅读]
马丽娅
南京师范大学教师教育学院, 江苏南京 210097
起止页码: 92--99页
DOI:
摘要
俗赋的传播方式大致有两种,即口头传播和文字传播。先秦时期,民间俗赋以口头语言为主要媒介并辅以各种非语言因素进行传播。文字应用逐渐普及和印刷术发明之后,文字作为主要传播媒介及其书写、传抄、印刷等手段的应用促进了文人俗赋的传播。早期的人类传播基本是一种自发行为,大多是小范围的无序传播,又缺乏保留影像的技术手段,因此民间艺术形式的口头传播方式直接造成了保存信息的困难,易于流失。民间俗赋在口耳相传的时代,人们对文字的使用尚处于低级阶段,早期的民间俗赋可能只是人们用以娱乐的“话语游戏”,而民间俗赋的创作者和传播者(韵诵表演者)大都来自乡野,所以不太可能把自己的口头话语付诸文字,同时也缺乏保留自己话语成果的意识。以文字为主要传播方式流传的文人俗赋文本,也由于各种历史因素难免流失的厄运。文人俗赋散佚的原因大致有三点,即正统的、主流意识形态的排斥;统治者“焚书”和战乱毁书;皇权统治下的“文化清剿“。
关键字: 俗赋 传播 媒介 流失

Dissemination and disappearance of popular rhapsody in Qin and Han dynasties
MA Li-ya
School of Teacher Education,Nanjing Normal University,Nanjing,Jiangsu 210097,China
Abstract:
There are two general modes of transmission of popular rhapsody,oral transmission and literal transmission,mainly oral but supported by various non-linguistic factors.As character printing becomes popular,character acts as main medium.At the same time,copying and printing promotes the spreading.Early human communication is but a spontaneous act,disorderly in small-scale and lacking in technical means of retaining the image.Therefore,oral folk art directly results in difficulty of preservation,subject to loss.Popular rhapsody is spread from mouth to mouth just for fun,so to speak.Speakers and performers are usually grassroots,impossible to write down to retain their own words.The doom of loss is also due to historical factors,such as exclusion of orthodox and mainstream ideology,burning and destruction of books by the rulers and wars,and cultural wipe under imperial ruler.

收稿日期: 2010-3-8
基金项目:

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