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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2011年2期《客观非中立:托马斯·哈斯科的历史学客观性理论研究》
客观非中立:托马斯·哈斯科的历史学客观性理论研究--[在线阅读]
王志华
厦门大学哲学系, 福建厦门 361005
起止页码: 27--32页
DOI:
摘要
哈斯科反对把客观性与价值中立等同起来,提出"客观非中立"的观点,认为客观性其实就是一种冷静、公正与诚实的研究态度。但是由于其实在论的立场,他依然把历史学家个人的主观因素与客观性对立起来,要求历史学家悬置、超脱自己的立场。我们应该抛弃哈斯科的实在论立场,采取更加合理的中间立场,这样客观性就并不要求历史学家悬置、超脱其自身的价值偏好,而仅仅要求其偏好要公正地对待所有相关的历史事实,从而在历史学家个人的主观因素与历史事实之间保持一种合理的关系。

Objectivity against neutrality: Haskell and his theory of historical objectivity
WANG Zhi-hua
Department of Philosophy, Xiamen University, Xiamen, Fujian 361005, China
Abstract:
Haskell opposes the equality of objectivity and value neutrality by assuming that objectivity is not neutrality.This demands historians to maintain a detachment,fairness and honesty in researches.However,Haskell persists in his realism and sets historians againt historical objectivity.It is argued hereby that the realism should be abandoned and a reasonable middle ground be adopted.Objectivity does not require historians to detach themselves but simply seek fair treatment of all relevant historical facts.Accordingly,a reasonable relationship between subjective factors and historical facts can be established.

收稿日期: 2010-12-10
基金项目:

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