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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2012年4期《政治改革的失败与清朝的覆亡》
政治改革的失败与清朝的覆亡--[在线阅读]
喻大华
辽宁师范大学 历史文化学院, 辽宁 大连 116081
起止页码: 97--101页
DOI:
摘要
百年前的清朝在武昌起义后很快土崩瓦解,无疑与其“预备立宪”的失策和失败关系密切。当时,社会精英和国家决策者心态失衡,夸大危机,误认为君主立宪是解决自身问题的灵丹妙药,在条件并不成熟的情况下贸然启动了政治改革。其间,双方以立宪为砝码展开博弈,立宪派借机夺权,所望过奢;而皇室忽视民意,揽权不放,彼此南辕北辙,越闹越僵,最后,立宪派在武昌起义后倒向革命,导致了王朝的瓦解。回顾这一历史,可见民主制度前程的坎坷漫长和民主建设中敬畏民意、务实冷静的重要。

The failure of political reforms and collapse of Qing dynasty
YU Da-hua
School of History, Liaoning Normal University, Dalian, Liaoning 116081, China
Abstract:
The abrupt collapse of Qing dynasty after the Wuchang uprising is undoubtedly related to the failure of establishment of constitution. The mentally collapsed elites and politicians exaggerate the crisis, and trigger the political reforms under pre-mature conditions, for they have long regarded the constitutional monarchy as the ultimate solution. The pro-constitution reformers and the royal family fail to come to agreement, but neither stops struggling for power. The endless confrontations eventually lead to a dissolution, with the reformers turning to the revolution.

收稿日期: 2012-4-23
基金项目:

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