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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2021年1期《《老乞大》四个版本中的疑问句句末语气词研究》
《老乞大》四个版本中的疑问句句末语气词研究--[在线阅读]
刘悦怡1, 宫齐2
1. 暨南大学 华文学院, 广东 广州 510000;
2.暨南大学 外国语学院, 广东 广州 510000
起止页码: 142--149页
DOI:
摘要
《老乞大》是整个朝鲜时代最重要的汉语口语教科书之一,历经元明清三代,展现了语言上鲜明的变化。考察四个版本的《老乞大》中疑问句句末语气词的分布、功能以及演变特点,可以发现有些疑问句句末语气词在元末使用,到了明清时期逐渐消亡,有些语气词从清代才开始出现。同时通过梳理语气词“那”与“麽”“呢”“啊”等疑问语气词之间的关系,也可以分析并推测出疑问语气词演变的特点和路径。

A Study of Modal Particles in Interrogative Sentences in the Four Versions of Lao Qi Da
LIU Yueyi1, GONG Qi2
1. College of Chinese Language and Culture;
2. College of Foreign Studies, Jinan University, Guangzhou, Guangdong 510000, China
Abstract:
Lao Qi Da(《老乞大》) is one of the most important oral Chinese textbooks in the whole Korean era. It has experienced Yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties, showing distinct changes in language. This paper investigates the distribution, function and evolution characteristics of modal particles at the end of interrogative sentences in four versions of the book, and finds that some modal particles were used at the end of the interrogative sentences in the Yuan Dynasty, and gradually died out in the Ming and Qing Dynasties, while some modal particles began to appear in the Qing Dynasty. At the same time, by combing the relationship between the modal particle “na” (“那”) and the interrogative modal particles such as “mo” (“麽”), “ne” (“呢”) and “a” (“啊”), this paper analyzes and infers the characteristics and path of the evolution of the interrogative modal particles.

收稿日期: 2020-09-12
基金项目: 国家社会科学基金项目“广东粤、闽、客方言韵律特征研究”(项目编号:18BYY187)

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