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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2021年1期《古汉语差比句的构成要素和句式类型》
古汉语差比句的构成要素和句式类型--[在线阅读]
荆亚玲1, 汪化云2
1. 浙江工业大学 国际学院, 浙江 杭州 310014;
2. 浙江财经大学 人文学院, 浙江 杭州 310018
起止页码: 134--141页
DOI:
摘要
古汉语差比句的五个句式,有比较主体Z、比较客体K、比较标记B、比较结果J四个一级要素,差比量L、比较属性S两个二级要素。依J和K的相对位置,差比句可分为两类。K+J类:比字句;出现于中古,多用于近古,依时间顺序的原则而构成。J+K类:于字句、无B句、无J句、数量句,与古汉语VO型语序协调;除数量句外,主要出现于上古、中古,依中介者居中的原则而构成。两类句式的语序,分别是从时间、空间的角度对客观事象的临摹。

The Constituent Elements and Types of Comparison in Ancient Chinese
JING Yaling1, WANG Huayun2
1. International College, Zhejiang University of Technology, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310014, China;
2. School of Humanities, Zhejiang University of Finance & Economics, Hangzhou, Zhejiang 310018, China
Abstract:
There are five sentence patterns in ancient Chinese comparison, wherein there are four primary elements, namely, comparative subject Z, comparative object K, comparative marker B and comparative result J, and two secondary elements, including comparative quantity L and comparative attribute S. According to the relative position of J and K, comparative sentences can be divided into two categories. Type K+J: Comparison with “比” which started from the Medieval Times and mostly used from the Song Dynasty to the middle of the 19th century, and were formed according to the principle of chronological order. Type J+K: Comparison with “于” and other Chinese characters which mainly existed in Archaic Chinese and Medieval Chinese except quantitative sentence pattern. They are consistent with VO language type word order in ancient Chinese, and were formed according to the principle of “intermediary being in the center.” The word order of the two sentence patterns is a copy of objective things from the perspective of time and space respectively.

收稿日期: 2020-09-08
基金项目: 国家社会科学基金重大项目“600年来赣语与官话互动的历史追踪、现状调查与数据库建设”(项目编号:18ZDA297);国家社会科学基金项目“方言接触视域中的杭州话语法研究”(项目编号:16BYY037)

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