在线阅读 --自然科学版 2021年1期《磁性纳米负载催化剂在氮杂环合成上的应用研究新进展》
磁性纳米负载催化剂在氮杂环合成上的应用研究新进展--[在线阅读]
张凯悦, 王兰芝
河北师范大学 化学与材料科学学院, 河北 石家庄 050024
起止页码: 72--80页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.nse.202103003
摘要
磁性纳米负载催化剂是一种以磁性纳米粒子为磁核,二氧化硅等为磁基体保护材料,并在二氧化硅等表面负载各种化合物以实现官能团化而得到的新型催化剂,它不仅具有催化特性,还具有独特的磁响应性.磁性纳米负载催化剂在外加磁场的作用下能与反应物和产物分离,实现了催化剂的回收与重复利用,在工业生产得以连续化的同时,也降低了生产成本.介绍了磁性纳米负载催化剂的性质与分类,综述了近几年磁性纳米负载催化剂在6类重要的氮杂环化合物合成领域的应用,探讨了未来的磁性纳米负载催化剂的发展方向.

New Progress in the Application of Magnetic Nano-supported Catalysts in the Synthesis of Nitrogen Heterocycles
ZHANG Kaiyue, WANG Lanzhi
College of Chemistry and Material Science, Hebei Normal University, Hebei Shijiazhuang 050024, China
Abstract:
Magnetic nano-supported catalyst is a kind of novel catalyst obtained by using magnetic nanoparticles as magnetic core,silica as a magnetic matrix protection material,and supporting various compounds on the surface of silica to achieve functional grouping.It not only has catalytic properties,but also has unique magnetic responsiveness.The magnetic nano-supported catalyst can be separated from the reactants and products under the action of an external magnetic field,thereby realizing the recovery and reuse of the catalyst,when the industrial production is continuous,the production cost is also reduced.In this paper,the properties and classification of magnetic nano-supported catalysts are briefly introduced.The application of magnetic nano-supported catalysts in the field of nitrogen heterocyclic synthesis in the past five years is reviewed.The future development of magnetic nano-supported catalysts is also discussed.

收稿日期: 2019-11-22
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(21776060);河北省自然科学基金(B2016205165)

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