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在线阅读 --教育科学版 2020年6期《从普及到优质:挪威学前教育模式的形成与特点》
从普及到优质:挪威学前教育模式的形成与特点--[在线阅读]
霍琳
北京教育学院 学前教育学院, 北京 100120
起止页码: 95--101页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.ese.2020.06.012
摘要
20世纪80年代至今,在需求与供给的动态相互作用下,挪威形成了今天的学前教育模式。其发展过程经历了幼儿园的产生与初步发展时期、现代保育服务的开端与发展时期和学前教育服务的大规模扩张及质量稳步提升时期三个阶段,并具有社会公平主义目标导向下的平等分享与共同参与、较完善的质量监督体系和终身学习关照下的《幼儿园内容和任务框架计划》的特点。挪威学前教育模式的特点及其发展经验为我国推进普惠、优质的学前教育提供了有价值的借鉴。

From Full Coverage to High Quality:The Development and Characteristics of Norwegian ECE Model
HUO Lin
Beijing Institute of Education, Faculty of Preschool Education, Beijing 100120, China
Abstract:
Since 1980s, under the dynamic interaction between demand and supply, Norway has formed today's early childhood education (ECE) model. Its development has gone through three stages: the emergence and initial development of kindergartens, the beginning and development of modern childcare services, and the large-scale expansion and steady improvement of early childhood education services. It demonstrates characteristics of equal sharing and common participation under the guidance of social fairness, a comparably mature quality supervision system and an integrated Framework Plan for the Content and Tasks of Kindergartens aimed at lifelong learning. The characteristics and experience of Norwegian ECE model provides valuable reference for promoting inclusive and high-quality early childhood service in China.

收稿日期: 2020-05-12
基金项目: 全国教育科学“十三五”规划2017年度教育部重点课题“边远贫困地区农村校长助力工程幼儿园园长培训的问题与对策研究”(课题编号:DHA170337)

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