检索
在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年5期《宋代士大夫信仰体验及其心路历程》
宋代士大夫信仰体验及其心路历程--[在线阅读]
张培锋
南开大学 文学院, 天津 300071
起止页码: 52--63页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.05.009
摘要
宋代士大夫宗教信仰者可分为布衣型、士绅型和官僚型三类,其信仰呈现出儒道佛三教融合的典型形态。三教信仰在一个人一生中呈现出较为明显的阶段性。中国古代士大夫的宗教信仰亦即儒道佛三教合一的形式,是一种典型的“弥漫性宗教”信仰而非“制度性宗教”信仰,注重内心的体验而非外在的宗教形式,具有强大的包容性而非排斥性。儒道佛三教,绝不是三种不同的宗教,而是同一种信仰的不同阶段、不同层面。

Psychology and Experience of Religious Belief of Scholar-Officials in Song Dynasty
ZHANG Peifeng
School of Literature, Nankai University, Tianjin 300071, China
Abstract:
There are three types of religious believers among the scholar officials in the Song Dynasty:civilian, gentry and bureaucrat. The religious belief of ancient Chinese scholar officials is the unity of Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism, which presents obvious stages in a person's life. It is a typical "diffuse religion" rather than "institutional religion." It pays attention to the inner experience rather than the external religious form. It is highly inclusive rather than exclusive. Confucianism, Taoism and Buddhism are by no means three different religions, but different stages and aspects of the same faith.

收稿日期: 2020-06-01
基金项目: 国家社会科学基金项目“宋代士大夫的宗教信仰与文学研究”(项目编号:16BZW063)

参考文献:
[1][宋]苏辙.龙川别志[M].北京:中华书局,1982.
[2][宋]叶梦得.石林燕语[M].北京:中华书局,1984.
[3][宋]王辟之.渑水燕谈录[M].北京:中华书局,1981.
[4][宋]罗大经.鹤林玉露[M].北京:中华书局,1983.
[5][宋]孙升.孙公谈圃[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[6][宋]惠洪.冷斋夜话[M].北京:中华书局,1988.
[7]周勋初.宋人轶事汇编[G].上海:上海古籍出版社,2015.
[8][宋]朱熹.伊洛渊源录[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[9][清]何文焕.历代诗话[M].北京:中华书局,1981.
[10][宋]陈师道.后山集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[11][宋]谢逸.溪堂集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[12][宋]孙觌.鸿庆居士集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[13][宋]邓肃.栟榈集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[14][宋]刘一止.刘一止集[M].杭州:浙江古籍出版社,2012.
[15][宋]刘宰.漫塘集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[16]葛兆光.民间何在?谁之信仰[M].北京:中华书局,2009.
[17][宋]杨时.龟山集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[18][宋]楼钥.攻愧集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[19]曾枣庄等.全宋文[M].上海:上海辞书出版社,2006.
[20][宋]王十朋.梅溪先生文集[M].上海:上海书店,1989.
[21][宋]王之道.相山集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[22][宋]杨冠卿.客亭类稿[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[23][宋]周密辑.[清]查为仁等笺.绝妙好词笺[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[24][宋]杨亿.武夷新集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[25][宋]范纯仁.范忠宣集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[26][宋]范祖禹.范太史集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[27][宋]王安礼.王魏公集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[28]傅璇琮等.全宋诗[M].北京:北京大学出版社,1998.
[29][宋]蔡襄.端明集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[30][宋]王圭.华阳集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[31][宋]綦崇礼.北海集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[32][宋]周必大.文忠集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[33][宋]杨万里著.辛更儒笺校.杨万里集笺校[M].北京:中华书局,2007.
[34][宋]章甫.自鸣集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1997.
[35]曹磊.真心观与宋元明文艺思想研究[M].成都:巴蜀书社,2018.
[36][宋]郑思肖著.陈福康点校.郑思肖集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1991.
[37]陈福康.郑思肖诗文考述[A].王水照主编.新宋学第一辑[M].上海:上海辞书出版社,2001.
[38][清]吴之振等.宋诗钞[M].北京:中华书局,1986.
[39][美]休斯敦·史密斯.人的宗教[M].刘安云译.海口:海南出版社,2006.
[40][美]杨庆堃.中国社会中的宗教[M].范丽珠译.成都:四川人民出版社,2016.