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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年5期《凉州与长安之间——新见《唐故左羽林军大将军康太和墓志》考释》
凉州与长安之间——新见《唐故左羽林军大将军康太和墓志》考释--[在线阅读]
雷闻
中国社会科学院 古代史研究所暨敦煌学研究中心, 北京 100101
起止页码: 20--26页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.05.004
摘要
新见《唐故左羽林军大将军康太和墓志》的志主康太和出生于一个父祖三代都任职于凉州折冲府的粟特胡人家族,其本人则起家于吐蕃战事最前线的赤岭戍主,从开元初入朝“宿卫卅载,历职十五迁”,直至担任禁军高级将领的左羽林军大将军。在边疆有战事的时候,他曾多次奉诏出征,比如开元二十一年参与了幽州长史薛楚玉大破契丹的战役。结合敦煌P.3885文书与《康太和墓志》,可知他于开元末至天宝初奉敕返乡,先后担任了河西、陇右的多个要职,特别是在开元二十九年,他还曾作为前大斗军使,给进犯河陇的吐蕃赞普赤德祖赞写了一封挑战信。康太和的一生,是河西蕃将往来当地与朝廷任职的一个缩影。

Between Liang Prefecture and Chang'an——A Textual Study of the Newly-Released Epitaph of Kang Taihe, the General of the Army of the Palace Guards in Tang Dynasty
LEI Wen
Dunhuang Studies Research Center, Institute of Ancient History, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100101, China
Abstract:
A textual study on the newly-released Epitaph of Kang Taihe, the General of the Army of the Palace Guards in Tang Dynasty(618-907) shows that Kang Taihe, the epitaph owner, was born into a Sogdian family whose father and ancestors served in the assault-resisting garrisons (zhechong fu折冲府) of Liang Prefecture for three generations. Kang Taihe himself started as the garrison commander (shuzhu戍主) in Chiling, the forefront of the war against the Tibetan Empire.Starting from the beginning of Kaiyuan Era(713-741), he served in the court "guarding the Royal Palace for 30 years and got promoted 15 times," until becoming a high-ranking imperial army officer, i.e. the general of the army of the Palace Guards(Yulin Jun,羽林军).When there was a war in the frontier, he went to fight under the imperial edicts for many times. For example, in 733, he took part in the battle of Xue Chuyu (薛楚玉), the governor of You Prefecture, to break the Khitan. From Dunhuang document P.3885 and the Epitaph of Kang Taihe, we can see that he returned home from the end of Kaiyuan Era to the beginning of Tianbao Era (742-756), and successively held many important positions in Hexi (河西) and Longyou (陇右).In 741, he wrote a challenge letter to Tridé Tsuktsen, the Btsan-po (emperor) of the Tibetan Empire who invaded Hexi and Longyou. Kang Taihe's life is a microcosm of Hexi non-Chinese generals serving the emperor coming and going between the local area and the court.

收稿日期: 2020-04-15
基金项目:

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