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在线阅读 --教育科学版 2020年5期《美国高校促进“第一代大学生”适应探论》
美国高校促进“第一代大学生”适应探论--[在线阅读]
何树彬
华东政法大学 刑事法学院, 上海 201620
起止页码: 76--84页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.ese.2020.05.011
摘要
美国大学生源结构中“第一代大学生”占据相当大的比重,他们不仅在经济上贫穷,更面临着社会资本和文化资本的双重缺失。“第一代大学生”呈现校园融入困难、辍学率高、就业难等特点。他们“挣扎”在大学边缘,面临着自我身份认同的断裂,难以适应大学生活,成为“校园中的孤岛”。基于此,学校层面在理念转向、制度优化、文化重建、课堂教学四个维度对“第一代大学生”进行援助与干预,帮助他们形成积极的自我概念、增强自我效能感、提升应对困境的态度及能力,帮助他们积极适应大学生活,完成从大学向社会的顺利过渡。

Facilitating Adaptation of First-Generation College Students in American Universities
HE Shubin
Criminal Justice College, East China University of Political Science and Law, Shanghai 201620, China
Abstract:
First-generation college students account for a large proportion in the student composition of American universities. Besides poverty, they also face deficiency in both social capital and cultural capital. They are characterized by difficulties in campus integration, high dropout rate and employment difficulties. They are "struggling" on the margin of the university, up against a broken self-identity. Like an isolated island in campus, it is hard for them to adapt to university life. Accordingly, American universities provide aid and intervention in four aspects:change of perception, institutional optimization, cultural reconstruction and classroom teaching, helping them to build positive self-recognition, enhance sense of competence, improve their attitude and ability to cope with difficulties, so that they actively adapt to university life and make a smooth transition from college to society.

收稿日期: 2020-05-12
基金项目: 华东政法大学2018年本科通识课程建设项目“生涯发展与规划”(A-4999-18-003169)

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