在线阅读 --自然科学版 2020年5期《黑龙江省省际人口迁移强度变化及其影响因素》
黑龙江省省际人口迁移强度变化及其影响因素--[在线阅读]
谭啸, 陈晓红
哈尔滨师范大学 地理科学学院, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150025
起止页码: 443--453页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.nse.2020.05.013
摘要
基于2000,2010年中国人口普查资料及2005,2015年全国1%人口抽样调查资料数据,引入人口迁移选择指数概念,对黑龙江省人口迁移到全国其他30个省份的强度变化及影响因素进行分析.研究表明:1)黑龙江省人口外迁主要集中在环渤海地区,其次为吉林、内蒙古、山东等地,并逐渐向南方地区蔓延.2)2000-2015年,黑龙江省人口迁移到北京、天津强度整体呈上升趋势,而迁移到辽宁、吉林、内蒙古、山东等地整体呈下降趋势,南方大多省份迁移强度缓慢上升,其中海南省上升幅度最为明显.3)人口迁移强度变化的影响因素中,人均社会固定资产投资、第三产业产值和居民消费水平对人口迁移起促进作用,而第二产业产值、农村居民人均消费支出起阻碍作用.4)迁移人口逐渐由重视就业转向更加重视良好的教育资源.农村居民收入和生活水平正逐步提高,到2015年农村居民生活水平的提高促进了黑龙江省人口向外迁移.

The Change of Intensity and Influence Factors of Interprovincial Population Migration in Heilongjiang Province
TAN Xiao, CHEN Xiaohong
College of Geographical Sciences, Harbin Normal University, Heilongjiang Harbin 150025, China
Abstract:
Based on population census data of China in 2000 and 2010 and 1% population sample survey data of China in 2005 and 2015,the concept of migration preference index was introduced to analyze the intensity changes and influence factors of population migration from Heilongjiang province to other 30 provinces in China.The research showed that,the population migration from Heilongjiang province mainly concentrated in Bohai Rim,and the next were Jilin,Inner Mongolia and Shandong provinces,and spread to the southern region gradually.From 2000 to 2015,the intensity of population migration from Heilongjiang province to Beijing and Tianjin cities showed an overall upward trend,while that to Liaoning,Jilin,Inner Mongolia and Shandong provinces showed a downward trend,and the intensity of migration increased slowly in most southern provinces,and Hainan province showed the most obvious increase.Among the influence factors of population migration intensity change,per capita investment in social fixed assets,output value of tertiary industry and consumption level of residents promoted population migration,while output value of secondary industry and per capita consumption expenditure of rural residents hindered population migration.The migration population changed from attaching importance to employment to paying more attention to good educational resources gradually.The income and living standards of rural residents improved gradually,and the improvement of living standards of rural residents had promoted the migration of population from Heilongjiang province by 2015.

收稿日期: 2019-10-24
基金项目: 哈尔滨师范大学硕士研究生创新科研项目(HSDSSCX2018-05)

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