在线阅读 --自然科学版 2020年5期《崇义野橘原生地与移植地果实化学元素及风味比较研究》
崇义野橘原生地与移植地果实化学元素及风味比较研究--[在线阅读]
马冬雪1, 刘剑锋2, 刘仁林2
1. 河北政法职业学院 园林系, 河北 石家庄 050061;
2. 赣南师范大学 生命科学学院, 江西 赣州 341000
起止页码: 434--442页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.nse.2020.05.011
摘要
崇义野橘(Chongyi wild mandarin,Citrus reticulata)野生布于江西省崇义县.在分类系统上,“野橘”与“柑橘”是同一个物种,即Citrus reticulata Blanco.野橘为二倍体,遗传背景较一致.在原生地与移植地取样测定,对比分析两地野橘果实营养元素与土壤养分元素、以及二者与气候因子之间的关系,得到如下结果:1) 崇义野橘原生地的土壤基本肥力高于移植地,这是野橘能良好生长、发育的基础.2) 原生地土壤中大量元素和微量元素含量比移植地丰富,并在果实中也表现为原生地高于移植地,即土壤与果实的营养元素相应变化规律.3) 轻稀土元素含量在原生地和移植地的土壤中差异不明显,在果实中也表现为两地差异不明显,但是两地的果实风味差异较大,这说明稀土元素可能不影响果实风味变化.4) 原生地和移植地昼夜温差变化没有达到一定的“量级”程度,但瞬时光照强度相差较大,因此光照强度可能是影响果实品质的重要因子.5) 适当增加光照强度有利于果皮色素形成和积累,果实颜色更鲜艳.因此,在光照强度较大的地区适时喷雾或稍遮荫有利于提高果实外观品质.

A Comparative Study on Chemical Elements and Flavor of Chongyi Wild Mandarin, Citrus reticulata, Between Fruits in Native and Transplanted Fields
MA Dongxue1, LIU Jianfeng2, LIU Renlin2
1. Department of Landscape, Hebei Professional College of Political Sciences and Law, Hebei Shijiazhuang 050061, China;
2. College of Life Science, Gannan Normal University, Jiangxi Ganzhou 341000, China
Abstract:
Chongyi wild orange,Citrus reticulata,a wild species,is naturally distributed in Chongyi county of Jiangxi province and is considered as the same species as Citrus reticulata Blanco in taxonomy.Because of its diploid and has a consistent genetic background,this wild species is considered to be a reasonable research material of comparative analysis.Therefore,by taking samples of Chongyi wild mandarin from native field and transplant field,and performing comparative analysis between the samples from both fields,some reasonable conclusions were drawn in this paper as follows.1) The soil of native field of Chongyi wild mandarin has more fertility than that of implant field (i.e.the content of N,P,K,and organic compounds in soil were compared between the two fields),which is the basis for the good growth and development of Chongyi wild mandarin in native field.2) Contents of major elements and microelements of soil in native field are higher than in implant field,and the contents of those elements of fruits are also higher in native field than in implant field,indicating the nutrient elements of soil and fruit change accordingly.3) No significant differences were observed in contents of light rare earth elements in soils or in fruits between native and implant fields.However,flavor of fruits from native and implant fields exhibit remarkable difference,indicating that flavor of fruits is not affected by light rare earth elements in soil.4) The difference of temperature difference between day and night did not reach a “order” (above 10℃) between native and implant fields;but the difference of instant sunshine intensity between native and implant fields is remarkable,which demonstrates that sunshine intensity is an important factor to affect the fruit quality of Chongyi wild mandarin.5) Appropriate increase in sunshine intensity is beneficial to the formation and accumulation of peel pigments,resulting in fruits with more bright-colored peel.Therefore,the appearance quality of fruits will be improved by spraying or shading slightly in areas with very high sunshine intensity.

收稿日期: 2020-01-10
基金项目: 江西省重点研发项目(20181ACF60010);科技部平台项目(2005DKA21400)

参考文献:
[1]黄成就.中国植物志(第四十三卷,第二分册)[M].北京:科学出版社,1997. HUANG Chengjiu.Flora of China in Chinese(Vol 43,2)[M].Beijing:Science Press,1997.
[2]邓秀新.中国柑橘品种[M].北京:中国农业出版社,2008. DENG Xiuxin.Citrus Varieties in China[M].Beijing:China Agriculture Press,2008.
[3]刘仁林,朱恒.江西木本及珍稀植物图志[M].北京:中国林业出版社,2015. LIU Renlin,ZHU Heng.Jiangxi Woody and Rare Flora[M].Beijing:China Forestry Press,2015.
[4]HEGARTY M J,HISCOCK S J.Review Genomic Clues to the Evolutionary Success of Polyploid Plants[J].Current Biology,2008,18:R435-R444.doi:10.1016/j.cub.2008.03.043
[5]DOLEZEL J,VRABA J,CAPAL P,et al.Advances in Plant Chromosome Genomics[J].Biotechnology Advances,2014,32:122-136.doi:10.1016/j.biotechadv.2013.12.011
[6]KATO A,VEGA J M,HAN F,et al.Advances in Plant Chromosome Identification and Cytogenetic Techniques[J].Current Opinion in Plant Biology,2005,8:148-154.doi:10.1016/j.pbi.2005.01.014
[7]杨晓明.柑橘亚科植物系统发育基因组学及野生枸橼、宜昌橙谱系地理学研究[D].武汉:华中农业大学,2012. YANG Xiaoming.The Phylogenomic of Aurantioideae and Phylogeography of Wild Citron(Citrus medica) and Ichang Papeda(Citrus ichangensis)[D].Wuhan:Huazhong Agricultural University,2012.
[8]谢让金,周志钦,邓烈.真正柑橘果树类植物基于AFLP分子标记的分类与进化研究[J].植物分类学报,2008,46(5):682-691.doi:10.3724/SP.J.1002.2008.07135 XIE Rangjin,ZHOU Zhiqin,DENG Lie.Taxonomic and Phylogenetic Relationships Among the Genera of the True Citrus Fruit Trees Group (Aurantioideae,Rutaceae) Based on AFLP Markers[J].Journal of Systematics & Evolution,2008,46(5):682-691.
[9]鲁振华.柑橘及其近缘属植物分类与进化关系的cpDNA分析[D].重庆:西南大学,2008. LU Zhenhua.Taxonomic and Phylogenetic Relationships Between Citrus and Its Close Relatives Based on cpDNA Sequences[D].Chongqing:Southwest University,2008.
[10]于杰,闫化学,鲁振华,等.基于柑橘及其近缘属植物DNA条形码的叶绿体编码序列筛选[J].中国农业科学,2011,44(2):341-348.doi:10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2011.02.014 YU Jie,YAN Huaxue,LU Zhenhua,et al.Screening Potential DNA Barcode Regions of Chloroplast Coding Genome for Citrus and Its Related Genera[J].Scientia Agricultura Sinica,2011,44(2):341-348.
[11]廖振坤,张秋明,刘卫国,等.南岭山脉宽皮柑橘近缘野生种亲缘关系鉴定[J].湖南农业大学学报(自然科学版),2006,32(4):385-388.doi:10.13331/j.cnki.jhau.2006.04.011 LIAO Zhenkun,ZHANG Qiuming,LIU Weiguo,et al.Identification of Relative Relationships of Wild Relatives of Eucitrus Originated from Nanling Mountains by AFLP Analysis[J].Journal of Hunan Agricultural University(Natural Science),2006,32(4):385-388.
[12]李润唐,张映南,陈梦龙,等.莽山野生宽皮柑橘分类研究[J].广东农业科学,2009,8:11-13.doi:10.16768/j.issn.1004-874x.2009.08.041 LI Runtang,ZHANG Yingnan,CHEN Menglong,et al.Taxonomic Study on Wild Broad Peel Citrus in Mangshan Mountain[J].Guangdong Agricultural Science,2009,8:11-13.
[13]王炯,龚桂芝,彭祝春,等.基于COS Marker分析柑橘属及其近缘、远缘属植物的遗传与进化[J].中国农业科学,2017,50(2):320-331.doi:10.3864/j.issn.0578-1752.2017.02.011 WANG Jiong,GONG Guizhi,PENG Zhuchun,et al.Genetic and Phylogenetic Relationships Among Citrus and Its Close and Distant Relatives Based on COS Marker[J].Scientia Agricultura Sinica,2017,50(2):320-331.
[14]马文涛,樊卫国.贵州野生柑橘的抗寒性测定和综合评价[J].西北植物学报,2014,34(10):2063-2069.doi:10.7606/j.issn.1000-4025.2014.10.2063 MA Wentao,FAN Weiguo.Determination and Comprehensive Evaluation on Cold-tolerance of Wild Citrus from Guizhou[J].Acta Botanica Boreali-occidentalia Sinica,2014,34(10):2063-2069.
[15]孙美玲,柴静,沈蓓琪.野生柑橘果皮渣有效成分的提取[J].山东食品发酵,2013,168(2):22-24. SUN Meiling,CHAI Jing,SHEN Beiqi.The Wild Citrus Peel Slag Extraction of Active Ingredients[J].Shandong Food Fermentation,2013,168(2):22-24.
[16]曹宗巽,吴相钰.植物生理学[M].北京:高等教育出版社,1979. CAO Zongxun,WU Xiangyu.Plant Physiology[M].Beijing:Higher Education Press,1979.
[17]陈润政,黄上志,宋松泉,等.植物生理学[M].广州:中山大学出版社,2001. CHEN Runzheng,HUANG Shangzhi,SONG Songquan,et al.Plant Physiology[M].Guangzhou:Sun Yat-sen University Press,2001.
[18]王君秀.稀土元素对柑橘生长发育的影响研究[D].重庆:西南大学,2018:1-89. WANG Junxiu.Effects of Rare Earth Elements on the Growth and Development of Citrus[D].Chongqing:Southwest University,2018:1-89.
[19]王小玲,田晓娟,高柱.赣南典型脐橙园土壤-脐橙系统中轻稀土元素相关性研究[J].江西农业大学学报,2018,40(1):32-39.doi:10.13836/j.jjau.2018005 WANG Xiaoling,TIAN Xiaojuan,GAO Zhu.The Correlation Between Light Rare Earth Elements in Soil and Navel Orange Tree System in South Jiangxi Region[J].Acta Agriculturae Universitatis Jiangxiensis,2018,40(1):32-39.
[20]汪振立,邓通德,胡正义,等.脐橙品质与自然土壤中稀土元素相关性分析[J].土壤,2010,42 (3):459-466.doi:10.13758/j.cnki.tr.2010.03.026 WANG Zhenli,DENG Tongde,HU Zhengyi,et al.Correlation Analysis Between Navel Orange Quality and REE in Natural Soil[J].Soil,2010,42(3):459-466.
[21]余江,黄志勇,陈婷.赣南稀土矿区果园土壤和脐橙中稀土元素含量的测定[J].食品科学,2009,30(22):309-313. YU Jiang,HUANG Zhiyong,CHEN Ting.Determination of Rare-earth Elements(REEs) in Orange-growing Soils and Navel Oranges Around Rare-earth Mining Area Southern Jiangxi[J].Food Science,2009,30(22):309-313.
[22]王允镔,龚洁强,於一敏,等.高效稀土肥在柑橘上应用试验[J].浙江柑橘,2000,17(1):20-21. WANG Yunbin,GONG Jieqiang,YU Yimin,et al.Application of High Efficiency Rare Earth Fertilizer in Citrus[J].Zhejiang Citrus,2000,17(1):20-21.
[23]吴征镒.中国植被[M].北京:科学出版社,1983. WU Zhengyi.Chinese Vegetation[M].Beijing:Science Press,1983.
[24]北京林学院.土壤学[M].北京:中国林业出版社,1982. Beijing Forestry University.Soil Science[M].Beijing:China Forestry Press,1982.
[25]李莉,刘仁林.赣南纽荷尔脐橙果实生长与主要营养物质积累动态[J].经济林研究,2018,36(2):43-48.doi:10.14067/j.cnki.1003-8981.2018.02.007 LI Li,LIU Renlin.Dynamics of Fruit Growth and Main Nutrients for Gannan Newhall Novel Orange[J].Nonwood Forest Research,2018,36(2):43-48.
[26]王泽华,秦伟.不同居群新疆野苹果生理响应差异与抗寒性的关系[J].经济林研究,2018,36(2):20-28.doi:10.14067/j.cnki.1003-8981.2018.02.004 WANG Zehua,QIN Wei.Study on the Relationship Between Physiological Response and Cold Hardiness of Malus Sieversii in Different Populations[J].Nonwood Forest Research,2018,36(2):20-28.
[27]许宽宽,卢建,刘仁林,等.九连山常绿阔叶林叶片化学元素的空间分布[J].中南林业大学学报,2016,36(8):77-87.doi:10.14067/j.cnki.1673-923x.2016.08.015 XU Kuankuan,LU Jian,LIU Renlin,et al.Spatial Distribution of Chemical Element of Leaves in Jiulianshan Evergreen Broad-leaved Forest[J].Journal of Central South University of Forestry & Technology,2016,36(8):77-87.
[28]罗云建,王效科,张小全,等.中国森林生态系统生物量及其分配研究[M].北京:中国林业出版社,2013. LUO Yunjian,WANG Xiaoke,ZHANG Xiaoquan,et al.Biomass and Its Allocation of Forest Ecosystems in China[M].Beijing:China Forestry Press,2013.