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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年4期《新冠肺炎疫情对劳动力市场的影响及政策反应》
新冠肺炎疫情对劳动力市场的影响及政策反应--[在线阅读]
屈小博, 程杰
中国社会科学院 人口与劳动经济研究所, 北京 100028
起止页码: 126--133页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.04.015
摘要
新冠肺炎疫情对我国经济运行和劳动力市场带来了严重冲击。利用居民监测和制造业企业在线调查数据,从劳动力供给方和需求方两个视角,观察和分析此次疫情对于劳动力市场的影响,研究发现:疫情明显抑制就业需求,就业人员复工受阻,工作搜寻难度加大,失业风险上升;劳动密集型行业、生活性服务业、小微企业和个体工商户等从业人员遭受更大冲击;疫情主要发生在城市,但对农村就业人员影响更大,青年农民工更有可能出现较大规模失业。疫情对我国劳动力市场安全性和就业保护体系提出严峻考验,必须强化更加积极的就业政策,增强就业政策与货币政策、财政政策的协调性,建立快速反应的劳动力市场应对机制。

Impacts of COVID-19 on the Labor Market and Policy Responses
QU Xiaobo, CHENG Jie
Institute of Population and Labor Economics, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Beijing 100028
Abstract:
The outbreak of COVID-19 has a serious impact on China's economy and labor market. Based on the online survey data of residents and manufacturing enterprises, this paper observes the impact of the epidemic on the labor market from the perspectives of labor supply side and demand side. The results show that the epidemic restrains the employment demand, prevents employees from returning to work, makes it more difficult to search for jobs and raises the risk of unemployment. Employees in the labor-intensive industries, consumer service in the tertiary, small and micro enterprises, and individual industrial and commercial households have suffered greater impact. The epidemic mainly occurred in cities, but it had a greater impact on rural employment, and large-scale unemployment is more likely to occur to young migrant workers. The epidemic put China's labor market and employment protection system to a big test. It is necessary to strengthen more active employment policies, enhance the coordination of employment policies with monetary and fiscal policies, and establish a rapid response mechanism for labor market repair.

收稿日期: 2020-05-10
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目“社会保障的经济效应研究:一个系统评估框架”(项目编号:71673295)

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