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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年4期《第二次世界大战后香港华人殡葬文化的演变(1945-2018年)》
第二次世界大战后香港华人殡葬文化的演变(1945-2018年)--[在线阅读]
周子峰
香港树仁大学 历史系, 香港 999077
起止页码: 59--66页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.04.008
摘要
随着人口的急速增长、物质生活的改变,西化思想的普及化,作为香港市民的日常生活一部分的丧葬文化也出现了巨大的改变。与内地不同的是,公权力在推动香港殡葬文化的演变时,作用相当有限。战后香港人口不断增加,土地严重不足,用作土葬的坟地难求,人口密集使过去在家出殡的传统无法维持;殖民政府把丧葬场所局限于殡仪馆及其他指定场所内(如医院或特定宗教场所),使香港市民的丧葬礼仪出现改变;另加上现代社会生活节奏急速,一般人无暇花费更多时间在丧葬仪式上;市民对遗体态度的改变,也使火葬成为主流。

The Evolution of Chinese Funeral Culture in Hong Kong after World War II (1945-2018)
ZHOU Zifeng
Department of History, Hong Kong Shue Yan University, Hong Kong 999077, China
Abstract:
This paper is to investigate the evolution of Chinese funeral and interment culture in Hong Kong after the war, so as to discuss the relationship between urbanization and the changes of daily life of Hong Kong citizens. With the rapid growth of population, the changes in material life and the popularization of westernization, funeral culture, as a part of the daily life of Hong Kong citizens, had also undergone great changes. Different from the mainland, public power plays a rather limited role in promoting the evolution of Hong Kong's funeral culture. After the war, Hong Kong's population continued to increase, land was seriously insufficient, sites for earth burial were hard to find, and the dense population made it impossible to maintain the past tradition of funeral at home. The colonial government limited the funeral places to the undertaker's and other designated places (such as hospitals or specific religious places), resulting in changes in the funeral rites of Hong Kong citizens. In addition, the rapid pace of life in modern society makes it impossible for ordinary people to spend more time on funeral ceremonies. The change of citizens' attitude towards remains has also made cremation the dominant choice.

收稿日期: 2020-03-25
基金项目:

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