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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年4期《哺育的现代化:近代上海奶妈群体与市政公共卫生管理的历史考察》
哺育的现代化:近代上海奶妈群体与市政公共卫生管理的历史考察--[在线阅读]
王书吟
西安交通大学 马克思主义学院, 陕西 西安 710049
起止页码: 43--50页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.04.006
摘要
奶妈是受雇哺乳他人幼儿以换取经济报酬的妇女,是传统女性利用生理优势谋生的重要方式。由于清末农村经济的衰落与城市化进程的加速,进城做奶妈成为农村家庭妇女抵抗天灾人祸,从城市中获取收入的重要途径。20世纪20年代起,奶妈的职业合理性因近代城市化的发展与西方医学及育儿观念的传入面临着巨大的挑战。从传统伦理、西方医学以及法律规范三方面考察家庭雇佣奶妈纳入上海市政公共卫生规范管理的历史进程,可以看出底层妇女与现代化进程间的历史张力。

Modernization of Breast-Feeding: A Historical Survey of Modern Shanghai Wet Nurses and the Municipal Public Health Management
WANG Shuyin
School of Marxism Studies, Xi'an Jiaotong University, Xi'an, Shaaxi 710049, China
Abstract:
In former times, wet nurse was a woman hired to breast-feed other people's babies in exchange for economic rewards. It was an important way for traditional women to make a living by taking advantage of their physiological advantages. Due to the decline of rural economy and the acceleration of urbanization in the late Qing Dynasty, working as a wet nurse in the city became an important way for rural housewives to fight against natural and man-made disasters through obtaining income from the city. Since the 1920s, the professional rationality of wet nurses had faced great challenges due to the development of modern urbanization and the introduction of western medicine and parenting concepts. From the perspectives of traditional ethics, western medicine and legal norms, this paper examines the historical process of the incorporation of the family employment of wet nurses into the standardized management of public health in Shanghai Municipality, wherein the historical tension between women at the bottom and the modernization process coule be observed.

收稿日期: 2020-01-18
基金项目:

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