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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年4期《女性、家庭与国家:战时重庆女性日常生活中的生育与妇产医疗》
女性、家庭与国家:战时重庆女性日常生活中的生育与妇产医疗--[在线阅读]
吴晓璐
西南政法大学 全球新闻与传播学院, 重庆 400020
起止页码: 34--42页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.04.005
摘要
传统重庆地区的女性生育极度依赖于家庭(关系网络)获取医疗照顾资源,这也反映了传统社会中家庭与个人的关系。随着抗日战争的爆发,作为陪都的重庆迁来和兴建了大量的新型医院,这带来各方面的改变,包括被视为私人事件的生育。通过医院这一社会控制机制,生育不再是私事,传统家庭对个人的控制被打破,国家权力渗透进普通人的私人空间,与普通人的日常生活联系起来,取代了家庭关系网络的权威地位。在这些变化过程中,女性也重新塑造了自己对社会、家庭角色、国家关系的理解。

Women, Family and the State: Chongqing Women in Wartime
WU Xiaolu
School of Global Journalism and Communication, Southwest University of Political Science and Law, Chongqing 400020, China
Abstract:
Traditional child-bearing in Chongqing area relied heavily on the family (relationship network) to obtain medical care resources, which also reflects the relationship between family and individual in traditional society. With the outbreak of the war, a large number of new-style hospitals were moved in and built in Chongqing, the alternative capital. This had brought about changes in various aspects, including childbirth, which was regarded as a private event. Childbirth was no longer a private matter. Through the social control mechanism of hospitals, the control of individuals by traditional families had been broken. State power had penetrated into the private space of ordinary people and had been connected with the daily life of ordinary people, replacing the authoritative position of the family network. In the process of these changes, women also reshaped their understanding of society, family roles and their relationship with the state.

收稿日期: 2020-02-11
基金项目: 重庆市社科联重点项目“抗战时期澳大利亚驻华公使馆档案资料整理与研究”(项目编号:2018ZDKZ05)

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