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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年4期《康有为、谭嗣同对佛教教义的阐发》
康有为、谭嗣同对佛教教义的阐发--[在线阅读]
魏义霞
黑龙江大学 哲学学院, 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150080
起止页码: 10--16页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.04.002
摘要
康有为、谭嗣同都热衷于对佛教教义的阐发。总的说来,两人对佛教教义的阐发以差异为主,具体表现在四个方面:康有为从养生的角度解读佛教,认定佛教的主题是养生卫生;谭嗣同则从仁的角度解读佛教,认定佛教宣扬不生不灭。康有为将佛教打造成去苦至乐之方;谭嗣同则关注人的死后世界,凸显佛教的因果报应。康有为宣扬“求乐免苦”,利用佛教论证生而固乐;谭嗣同则宣扬无我,借助佛教渲染人生无我。康有为仁智并提;谭嗣同则提倡大无畏精神,鼓舞人们勇敢救世。康有为、谭嗣同对佛教教义的不同诠释源于他们的哲学观、人生观和价值观的不同,展示了近代佛教的多样性和丰富性。

Exposition of Buddhist Doctrines by Kang Youwei and Tan Sitong
WEI Yixia
School of Philosophy, Heilongjiang University, Harbin, Heilongjiang 150080, China
Abstract:
Kang Youwei and Tan Sitong both paid much attention to Buddhism and were keen on elucidating Buddhist doctrines. In general, their expositions were different, manifested in four aspects. First, Kang interpreted Buddhism from the perspective of health preservation, believing that the theme of Buddhism is health and wellness, while Tan interpreted Buddhism from the perspective of benevolence, holding that Buddhism advocates that the nature of everything is without birth and without death. Second, along the line of health and wellness, Kang developed Buddhism into a way to dispel suffering and reach happiness; while, along the line of “without birth and without death,” Tan was concerned about the world after death, highlighting the Buddhist karma. Third, Kang advocated “seeking happiness and eliminating suffering,” and argued with Buddhism that one should be happy to live, while Tan advocated non-self, urging people with Buddhism to lead a life without self. Fourth, in order to achieve the goal of staying health and living happily, Kang advocated both benevolence and wisdom; Tan advocated fearless spirit and encouraged people to save the world bravely. Their different interpretations of Buddhism were subject to their respective philosophical views, outlook on life and values, showing the diversity and rich connotation of modern Buddhism.

收稿日期: 2020-03-05
基金项目: 国家社会科学基金后期资助项目“康有为国学人物研究”(项目编号:19FZXB064)

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