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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年4期《康有为思想发展的三阶段》
康有为思想发展的三阶段--[在线阅读]
黄开国
四川师范大学 哲学研究所, 四川 成都 610068
起止页码: 1--9页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.04.001
摘要
康有为是中国近代最具影响的思想家之一,解决社会现实问题是他一生不变的追求。为给近代中国的发展找寻方案,他早期取法周公,以《周礼》为治理中国的宝典,大旨见于《教学通义》;中期著《新学伪经考》《孔子改制考》等书,借助春秋公羊学的孔子改制说,宣扬维新变法的近代政治主张,斥刘歆伪造的古文经学为“新学”,给中国两千年的学术政治造成最大危害;晚期则以大同为人类最高的理想,著《大同书》等,以公羊学的“三世”说为骨架,融合中西,统摄古今,创立以仁为本的新道德进化学说。

Three Stages of Kang Youwei's Thoughts
HUANG Kaiguo
Institute of Philosophy, Sichuan Normal University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610068, China
Abstract:
Kang Youwei was one of the most influential thinkers in modern China. Solving real-world social problems was his lifelong pursuit. In order to find ways for the development of modern China, he learned from Duke Zhou of the Western Zhou Dynasty in his early days, and took the Rites of Zhou Dynasty as the guiding book for the governance of China. These thoughts were manifested in his book Jiaoxue Tongyi. In the middle stage, he wrote books such as Forgeries in the Classics of the Confucian Canon and A Study of Confucius' Reform, advocating the modern political ideas of reform, with the help of the Reform Theory of Confucius in Gongyang Zhuan of The Spring and Autumn Annals, denouncing Liu Xin's falsification of classics as “the new study,” which caused the greatest harm to China's 2,000-year academic politics. In the late stage, regarding Datong (Great Harmony) as the highest ideal of human beings, he wrote the Book of Datong. In this book, taking Gongyang San Shi (Three Eras) Theory as the framework, he integrated Chinese and western theories, unified ancient and modern ideas, and established a new moral evolution theory based on benevolence.

收稿日期: 2020-04-10
基金项目:

参考文献:
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