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在线阅读 --教育科学版 2020年4期《张伯苓与中国人心灵重建再探析》
张伯苓与中国人心灵重建再探析--[在线阅读]
侯杰1, 李净昉2
1. 南开大学 历史学院, 天津 300350;
2. 天津师范大学 新闻传播学院, 天津 300387
起止页码: 28--37页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.ese.2020.04.005
摘要
近代中国著名教育家、南开学校校长张伯苓在校父严修等人的资助和广大师生、社会各界人士的鼎力支持下,广泛吸收东西方思想文化的精华,汲取中华民族优秀传统,从思想与实践等多个层面,倡行公能教育。他自我赋权,有针对性地提出医治中国人“愚弱贫散私”等痼疾的方案,倾注了半个多世纪的心血,从学校教育、社会教育等多方面入手,大力推广“德智体群”四育并重的现代教育,传扬科学、文明,以中国历史、中国学术为教育家安身立命的责任、担当,重建中国人的心灵,并取得一定的成效,获得中外教育界人士的高度评价。在服务社会,造福人群的明确目标下,张伯苓创办的南开系列学校旨在让受教育者懂得掌握知识和文化,不是为了役使别人,而是要为更多的人服务的道理,并付诸行动;每个人不仅要拥有为公牺牲的精神,而且拥有为公牺牲的能力;在危难之际,也能为国家、民族尽心尽力,高举爱国大旗。张伯苓重建中国人心灵的主张和实践,极具现代价值,闪耀时代光芒,泽及当代学子。

A Further Analysis of Bo-ling Chang and the Reconstruction of Chinese People's Spiritual Life
HOU Jie1, LI Jingfang2
1. History College, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China;
2. School of Journalism and Communication, Tianjin Normal University, Tianjin 300387, China
Abstract:
Bo-ling Chang, a famous educator in modern China and the president of Nankai Schools, with the support of teachers, students and people from all walks of life, called for and put into practice “Gongneng” education, which incorporated the essence of Eastern and Western ideology and culture and inherited the good part of Chinese tradition. He empowered himself and put forward targeted solutions to cure the chronic diseases of the Chinese people, such as “ignorance, weakness, poverty, disunity and selfishness.” He devoted more than half a century's painstaking efforts to promote modern education with equal emphasis on “morality, intelligence, physical and social education.” He spread science and civilization, and took the development of Chinese history and Chinese learning as an educator's responsibility, in the hope of rebuilding the spiritual life of the Chinese people. He was highly praised by Chinese and foreign educators for his contribution and achievements. Under the goal of serving the society and benefiting the people, Nankai series of schools set up by Bo-ling Chang were aimed at making the educated understand that learning meant not to enslave others but to serve more people. Everyone should have both the spirit of and the ability to sacrifice for the public interests and dedicate to the Chinese nation in times of crisis. Bo-ling Chang's effort in rebuilding Chinese people's spiritual life is still of modern value and benefits to the students of the present age.

收稿日期: 2020-04-06
基金项目: 南开大学科研反哺教学项目“《中国近代史》课程研究性教学的理论探索与创新实践”(NKJG2020012)

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