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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年3期《《汉书》载翟方进卒日考辨》
《汉书》载翟方进卒日考辨--[在线阅读]
张力开, 陈廷湘
四川大学 历史文化学院, 四川 成都 610065
起止页码: 136--140页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.03.017
摘要
灾异天象在汉代的政治中具有独特影响。《汉书》记载,汉成帝绥和二年(前7年)二月发生的一次"荧惑守心"导致了丞相翟方进自杀;但对于其卒日,不同的文本中却出现了"壬子日"和"乙丑日"两种记载。《汉书》出现两种记载的篇章,其作者不同可能是导致记载出现偏差的原因。但公元前7年并未真实发生"荧惑守心"。"乙丑日"可能是将类似的"荧惑守太微犯东上相星"天象误为"荧惑守心","壬子日"则是将公元前5年真实发生的荧惑守心误记在公元前7年。

A Textual Research of the Death Date of Zhai Fangjin Recorded in Hanshu
ZHANG Likai, CHEN Tingxiang
College of History and Culture, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan 610065, China
Abstract:
Calamitous astronomical phenomena have a unique influence on the politics of Han Dynasty. According to Hanshu, there was an astronomical phenomenon called Yinghuo Shou Xin (Mars staying at Xin) happened in the 2nd year of Suihe Period, Emperor Cheng (7 B.C), which led to the suicide of the prime-minister Zhai Fangjin. But there were two records about his death date:one was on 14th Mar. 7 B.C., the other on 27th Mar. 7 B.C. The reason for such deviation may be because the two parts of Hanshu were authored by different people. Actually, there was no Yinghuo Shou Xin at 7 B.C. The astronomical part of Hanshu might take Yinghuo Shou Taiwei Fan Dongshangxiangxing (the Mars staying at the Supreme Forbidden Enclosure and invading the First Eastern Minister) as Yinghuo Shou Xin, while the Biography of Emperor Cheng mis-recorded in 7 B.C. the Yinghuo Shou Xin, which actually happened in 5 B.C. There may be some natural connections between ancient Chinese historiographers and astronomy.

收稿日期: 2019-10-15
基金项目: 国家社会科学基金重大项目"清代巴县衙门档案整理与研究"(项目编号:16ZDA126)

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