检索
在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年3期《“骨气奇高”:钟嵘对曹植风骨美学的阐扬》
“骨气奇高”:钟嵘对曹植风骨美学的阐扬--[在线阅读]
李健
深圳大学 美学与文艺批评研究院, 广东 深圳 518060
起止页码: 70--77页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.03.008
摘要
骨气奇高"是钟嵘对曹植风骨美学的阐扬。作为曹植风骨美学的核心,"骨气奇高"首先是"骨"与"气"的结合,然后是"骨""气"结合之后所产生的浓烈情感及慷慨悲凉的美感力量。联系曹植本人,"骨气"在他的观念表述和具体创作实践上都有非常明晰的呈现。"词采华茂,情兼雅怨,体被文质"都是围绕着"骨气奇高"的。曹植诗文中所表现出来的"骨气奇高,词采华茂,情兼雅怨,体被文质"的美学特征,是对汉魏、建安乃至中国古代风骨美学内涵的进一步充实与完善。在中国古代文学艺术的发展历程中,曹植是一个非常重要的辐射之源。在曹植的辐射下,中国古代的风骨美学代代延续,最终演化为一种美学精神,在古代的文学艺术创作与审美中发挥着无可替代的作用。

On Zhong Rong's Interpretation of Cao Zhi's Aesthetics of Style
LI Jian
Institute of Aesthetics and Literary Criticism, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, Guangdong 518060, China
Abstract:
Zhong Rong commended Cao Zhi as "overwhelmingly high GuQi," (literally, vigor of style) which was the core of Cao Zhi's aesthetics of style. The phrase signifies firstly the combination of "Gu" (literally "bone") and "Qi" (literally "vigor"), which then sends out a vehement emotion and a solemn and stirring aesthetic force. GuQi was distinctly manifested in Cao Zhi's commentary and literary practice. His "flowery rhetoric, simple style with literary grace, and his grudge" all contribute to his "overwhelmingly high GuQi." This aesthetic feature reflected in Cao Zhi's poems brought the vigor of style in Han-Wei and Jian'an Period, even of ancient China to consummation. In the history of ancient Chinese literature and art, Cao Zhi was a significant source of radiation, under which the aesthetics of style evolved into an aesthetics spirit, which played an irreplaceable role in ancient literary and artistic creation and aesthetics.

收稿日期: 2020-01-10
基金项目: 国家社会科学基金重大项目"中国诗歌的语言艺术原理及其历史生成规律"(项目编号:18ZDA279)

参考文献:
[1][梁]萧统编,[唐]李善注.文选(中册)[M].北京:中华书局,1977.
[2]河北师范学院中文系编.三曹资料汇编[M].北京:中华书局,2004.
[3][南朝梁]钟嵘著,陈延杰注.诗品注[M].北京:人民文学出版社,1961.
[4][三国魏]刘劭撰,[西凉]刘昞注解,李崇智校笺.人物志校笺[M].成都:巴蜀书社,2001.
[5][南朝梁]刘勰著,王利器校证.文心雕龙校证[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1980.
[6][三国魏]曹植著,赵幼文校注.曹植集校注[M].北京:人民文学出版社,1984.
[7][晋]陈寿著,裴松之注.三国志[M].北京:中华书局,1982.
[8]郭绍虞.中国历代文论选(第一册)[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,1979.
[9][宋]朱熹.诗集传[M].北京:中华书局,2011.
[10]方玉润.诗经原始[M].北京:中华书局,1986.
[11][汉]司马迁等.前四史(下)[M].天津:天津市古籍书店,1991.