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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年3期《十二神王应十二大愿:对《佛说消灾延寿药师灌顶章句仪》的考察》
十二神王应十二大愿:对《佛说消灾延寿药师灌顶章句仪》的考察--[在线阅读]
伍小劼
上海师范大学 哲学系, 上海 200234
起止页码: 44--52页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.03.005
摘要
中古时期,十二神王与十二大愿在药师信仰中的呈现基本上是经典之展开。北宋以后,中国僧人著述《佛说消灾延寿药师灌顶章句仪》,该科仪被明代以来云南阿吒力僧习用。科仪相应内容与经典本身相比发生了变化,如十二神王与十二大愿、十二菩萨相应;十二神王对治六根之罪、杀生之罪、贪爱之罪、十恶五逆之罪,以及抛撒五谷之罪、不孝之罪、负恩负德之罪。科仪本身具有立成仪的特性,同时内容又鲜明体现了在地化的特点。

Twelve Divine Kings Corresponding to Twelve Votive Prayers: ——A research on Foshuo xiaozai yanshou Yaoshiguanding zhangju yi (Ritual Spoken by the Medicine Buddha on Removal of Evil and the Attainment of Long life)
WU Xiaoli
Department of Philosophy, Shanghai Normal University, Shanghai 200234
Abstract:
In the Mediaeval Ages, the presentation of the twelve Divinities and twelve votive prayers in the Medicine Buddha worship were made through classic scriptures. After the Northern Song Dynasty, Chinese monks wrote Foshuo xiaozai yanshou Yaoshiguanding zhangju yi《佛说消灾延寿药师灌顶章句仪》 (Ritual Spoken by the Medicine Buddha on Removal of Evil and the Attainment of Long life). Ritual regulations therein were practiced by Azhali (Acarya) Monks, an Esoteric sect in Yunnan, since the Ming Dynasty. The corresponding content of the ritual had changed compared with the Scripture itself, for example, the twelve Divine Kings correspond to the twelve Votive Prayers and twelve Bodhisattvas; the twelve Divine Kings were in charge of six kinds of crimes respectively, including Six Sensory Crimes; Killing Animals; Being Greedy for Love; Ten Evil Deeds and Five Heinous Crimes; Throwing away Food; Being Unfilial, Ungrateful, and Immoral. Ritual regulations, the contents of which were distinctly localized, could be practiced directly in the ceremonies.

收稿日期: 2019-09-11
基金项目: 上海高校高峰高原学科建设计划;国家社会科学基金重大项目"汉文大藏经未收宋元明清佛教仪式文献整理与研究"(项目编号:17ZDA236)

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