检索
在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年2期《论馆驿与唐宋诗的关系》
论馆驿与唐宋诗的关系--[在线阅读]
李德辉
湖南科技大学 中国古代文学与社会文化研究基地, 湖南 湘潭 411201
起止页码: 94--100页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.02.011
摘要
馆驿诗是唐宋诗中较有新意的一类,这样的诗唐以下各朝都有,但以唐宋的最好。唐朝将古代驿站传邮、待客、交通运输三项功能都整合到驿站里,驿站变成了综合性的交通机构。驿制的改变、功能的扩充不仅让驿站的地位提高,发展加快,也为馆驿诗的发展创造了有利条件。到中晚唐,随着管制的放松,大量从前不能入驿的中下层文人都进入馆驿,携带随从,开展多样化的文学活动。受此影响,馆驿诗的创作形态和作品内涵都日益丰富,更能够反映世态人情和不同的时代面貌。馆驿作为艺术要素融入诗中,大大拓展了中晚唐文学表现生活的深广度,也固化了诗作的时间和空间,推动了暮夜、晨朝诗的发展,形成了有别于一般行旅诗的独特意象群,使得诗歌朝着生活化、世俗化的方向发展。五代北宋延续了这一趋势,馆驿诗继续朝着生活化、通俗化的道路发展。南宋的馆驿诗艺术水准较之北宋又有进一步的提高。因而宋人的馆驿诗,又进入新的艺境,对其价值应当重估。
关键字: 馆驿 唐诗 宋诗 进境

Courier Hostel and Tang and Song Poems
LI Dehui
Research Base for Chinese Ancient Literature and Social Culture, Hunan University of Science and Technology, Xiangtan 411201, Hunan, China
Abstract:
Inn (courier hostel) poems are a novel type of poems in Tang and Song Dynasties. Three functions were integrated in the post station in the Tang Dynasty:mail delivery, hostel and transportation. The change of the post system and the expansion of its functions had not only improved the courier hostel's status and accelerated its development, but also created favorable conditions for inn poems. In the middle and late Tang Dynasty, a large number of middle- and lower-class literati stayed in the hostel with their entourage to carry out various literary activities. Thus, the form of inn poems was diversified and the connotation enriched, which better reflect the vicissitudes of life and society at different times. Hostel, as an artistic element, has been integrated into poems, greatly expanding the depth and breadth of literary expression of life, and formed a unique image group that is different from ordinary traveling poetry. The Five Dynasties and the Northern Song Dynasty continued this trend, and the inn poems continued to develop towards the road of popularization. The artistic standard of inn poems in the Southern Song Dynasty had been further improved compared with that in the Northern Song Dynasty. Therefore, Song people's inn poems have entered a new artistic realm, and their value should be reevaluated.

收稿日期: 2019-12-08
基金项目: 国家社会科学基金重大项目“中国古代文学制度研究”(项目编号:17ZDA238)

参考文献:
[1][宋]李昉等.太平广记[M].北京:中华书局,1961.
[2]计有功.唐诗纪事[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,2008.
[3]魏庆之.诗人玉屑[M].北京:中华书局,2007.
[4][清]彭定求等.全唐诗[M].北京:中华书局,1960.
[5][宋]宋庠.元宪集[M].四库全书文渊阁本,上海古籍出版社1987年据台湾故宫博物院藏本影印.
[6]刘开扬.高适诗集编年笺注[M].北京:中华书局,1981.
[7][宋]孔平仲.清江三孔集[M].四库全书文渊阁本,上海古籍出版社1987年据台湾故宫博物院藏本影印.
[8][宋]戴表元.剡源文集[M].四库全书文渊阁本,上海古籍出版社1987年据台湾故宫博物院藏本影印.
[9]李壁.王荆公诗注[M].四库全书文渊阁本,上海古籍出版社1987年据台湾故宫博物院藏本影印.
[10][唐]白居易.白居易集[M].顾学颉校点.北京:中华书局,1979.
[11][唐]韦应物.韦应物集校注[M].陶敏,王友胜校注.上海:上海古籍出版社,1998.
[12]莫砺锋.穿透夜幕的诗思——论杜诗中的暮夜主题[J].文学遗产,2009(3).
[13]李庆甲.瀛奎律髓汇评[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,2005.
[14]富寿荪标校.范石湖集[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,2006.
[15]王文诰辑注,孔凡礼点校.苏轼诗集[M].北京:中华书局,1982.
[16][宋]陆游.剑南诗稿[M].上海:上海古籍出版社,2005.
[17]李兵.唐人行旅中的"早发""晚发"现象及诗歌研究[D].暨南大学,2005.
[18]何文焕.历代诗话[M].北京:中华书局,1981.
[19][宋]梅尧臣.宛陵先生集[M].四部丛刊初编本.上海涵芬楼,1931年影印.
[20][宋]韦骧.钱塘集[M].四库全书文渊阁本,上海古籍出版社1987年据台湾故宫博物院藏本影印.
[21][宋]刘克庄.后村集[M].四库全书文渊阁本,上海古籍出版社1987年据台湾故宫博物院藏本影印.
[22][宋]郑刚中.北山集[M].四库全书文渊阁本,上海古籍出版社1987年据台湾故宫博物院藏本影印.
[23][宋]苏颂.苏魏公文集[M].北京:中华书局,1988.