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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年2期《魏晋南北朝辟召制度述略》
魏晋南北朝辟召制度述略--[在线阅读]
张旭华
郑州大学 历史学院, 河南 郑州 450001
起止页码: 44--50页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.02.005
摘要
魏晋南北朝时期的辟召制度分为公府辟召和州郡辟召,凡公府长官、州郡长官均可自行辟任僚属。魏晋时期随着门阀制度的确立,公府辟召为门阀士族所把持,州郡辟召则地位下降,成为寒人的入仕途径。南朝高门子弟多由吏部铨选直接入仕,公府辟召稍显沉寂,州郡辟召则出现了士族化趋向。北魏太和改制后,公府辟召与“资荫制”合流。齐后主时州郡辟召发生变化,州郡佐吏由君主敕用,地方大族势力开始衰落。

On System of Recruitment by the Government Office in Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties
ZHANG Xuhua
School of History, Zhengzhou University, Zhengzhou, Henan 450001, China
Abstract:
In the Wei, Jin, Southern and Northern Dynasties, the system of recruitment by the government office fell into two categories:the monarch government recruitment and the state and prefecture government recruitment. Head officials from both level of governments could appoint their own subordinate officers. During the Wei and Jin Dynasties, with the establishment of the influential kindred clan system, the recruitment of monarch government was controlled by the powerful aristocratic families, while the state and prefecture recruitment declined in status and became the way for the poor to enter the government. In the Southern Dynasties, most of the high-ranking officials' children were elected directly to the government by the civil service department. The monarch government recruitment was somewhat quiet, while the state recruitment showed a tendency towards noble families. After the Reform of Taihe in the Northern Wei Dynasty, the monarch government's recruitment merged with "the system of obtaining official title by virtue of the meritorious service or rank of the previous generation." During the reign of Qi Houzhu (Last Ruler Qi), there was a change in the recruitment of the state and prefecture officials. The state and prefecture officials were appointed by the monarch, and the power of local clans began to decline.

收稿日期: 2019-09-11
基金项目: 国家社会科学基金项目“魏晋南北朝吏部铨选机制与运行机制研究”(项目编号:17BZS008)

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