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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2020年1期《挣扎:日占时期天津市政府普通公务员之生存状态》
挣扎:日占时期天津市政府普通公务员之生存状态--[在线阅读]
李金铮1, 任利平2
1. 南开大学 历史学院, 天津 300350;
2. 中共沙河市委党校 教研室, 河北 沙河 054100
起止页码: 22--35页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2020.01.002
摘要
日占期间,普通公务员是日伪天津市政府运转的基础力量。公务员的录用,初期主要承袭了原国民政府的职员。局势稳定后,也采取招考方式录用。公务员的级别、惩戒等项制度,与原国民政府的办法是基本一致的。公务员的构成,大致是一个地域色彩浓厚、年龄较轻、学历层次较高的群体。他们主要依靠政府薪金维持生计,日占初期三年,由于物价上涨幅度较小,凭借较高且稳定的收入,处于一个相对优越的生活水平。之后由于通货膨胀的加剧,薪俸却没有得到相应的提高,生活水平持续降低。日伪政权从人身、教育和心理等方面,对公务员实行严密的控制。公务员无论在物质生活还是精神世界上,都陷于扭曲的挣扎状态。

Struggling: Living Conditions of Ordinary Civil Servants in Tianjin Municipal Government during Japanese Occupation
LI Jinzheng1, REN Liping2
1. History College, Nankai University, Tianjin 300350, China;
2. Teaching and Research Section, Shahe Municipal Party Committee School, Shahe, Hebei 054100, China
Abstract:
During the Japanese occupation period, ordinary civil servants were the basic force for the operation of the Japanese puppet Tianjin municipal government. In the initial period the recruitment of civil servants mainly inherited the staff of the former National Government. After the situation is stable, recruitment was also made via examination. The rank and discipline of civil servants were basically the same as those of the former National Government. The composition of civil servants was roughly a group with strong regional traits, younger age and higher educational level. They mainly relied on government salaries for their livelihood. For the first three years of the Japanese occupation, they were in a relatively superior living standard with relatively high and stable incomes and small price increases. After that, due to the aggravation of inflation, salaries did not increase correspondingly and living standards continued to decline. Japan's puppet regime exercised strict control over civil servants physically, mentally and education-wise. Whether in their material or spiritual life civil servants were struggling in a twisted state of being.

收稿日期: 2019-09-20
基金项目:

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