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在线阅读 --教育科学版 2020年1期《加拿大安大略省《幼儿园大纲》解读》
加拿大安大略省《幼儿园大纲》解读--[在线阅读]
钱慧
南京师范大学 教育科学学院, 江苏 南京 210097
起止页码: 108--115页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.ese.2020.01.015
摘要
加拿大安大略省从2010年开始推行全日制幼儿园,于2016年完成了《幼儿园大纲》的修订工作。修订后的新大纲提出了一个基于幼儿成长需求的幼儿园课程四框架,主张在探究文化中遵循基于游戏学习的基本原则,倡导多方合作协调的幼儿园公平和全纳教育,实施"让儿童的思考和学习看得见"的叙事性评价。这些对我国学前教育纲领性文件的修订、幼儿园课程改革都富有启发意义。我国学前教育纲领性文件也有必要融入文献、案例,兼具指导性和操作性,应当将全纳教育的理念渗透到幼儿教育实践之中,构建一个以儿童为本的幼儿园课程框架。

Interpretation of “The Kindergarten Program” in Ontario, Canada
QIAN Hui
School of Education Science, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, Jiangsu 210097, China
Abstract:
Ontario, Canada, introduced full-day kindergarten in 2010, and completed the revision of "The Kindergarten Program" in 2016. The revised Program proposes a kindergarten curriculum in the four frames based on the needs of young children's growth. It proposes adhering to the basic principles of play-based learning in a culture of inquiry. It advocates kindergarten fairness and inclusive education through multi-party collaboration. It implements a set of narrative assessment making young children's thinking and learning visible. These are instructive guidance for preschool education in China for either the revision of the programmatic documents or the reform of kindergarten curriculum. It is also necessary to integrate literature and cases into the programmatic documents of preschool education in China, to make them both instructional and operational. The concept of inclusive education should be infiltrated into the practice of early childhood education to build a child-oriented kindergarten curriculum framework.

收稿日期: 2019-09-11
基金项目: 江苏省高校哲学基金指导项目"儿童的审美体验与艺术教育研究"(2013SJD880035)

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