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在线阅读 --教育科学版 2020年1期《新高考选考科目赋分方式的比较分析》
新高考选考科目赋分方式的比较分析--[在线阅读]
程伟, 王雨欣
天津大学 教育学院, 天津 300354
起止页码: 28--32页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.ese.2020.01.004
摘要
2014年9月4日,国务院颁布《关于深化考试招生制度改革的实施意见》,以高考为核心,开始全面推进教育考试招生制度改革。目前共有14个省市进行新高考改革,新高考改革省市选考科目赋分方式分为三种类型,即固定等级比例赋分制、等比例转换法、标准分制。这三种赋分方式均从某种意义上实现了不同选考科目的相对可比,客观上对纠正学生过度偏科具有引导作用,但同时均难以回避考生群体水平差异所致的不公平,也都不能避免原始分正态化处理所致的分数扭曲。比较分析三种赋分方式的区分程度,原始分转换后的精确程度,结合不同省市考生数量和优质高等教育资源占有情况,参照三种赋分方式的特点,不同省市应制定适合自身情况的赋分方式。

A Comparative Analysis of Graded Scoring Methods of Elective Subjects in the New College Entrance Examination
CHENG Wei, WANG Yuxin
School of Education, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300354, China
Abstract:
On September 4,2014, the State Council promulgated the "Implementation Opinions on Deepening the Reform of the Examination and Enrollment System" and began to comprehensively promote the reform of the education examination and enrollment system with the college entrance examination as the core. At present, a total of 14 provinces and cities are carrying out the new college entrance examination reform. The graded scoring methods of the new college entrance examination are divided into three types:the fixed grade proportional distribution system, the proportional conversion method, and the standard system. In a certain sense, the results of different elective subjects are relatively comparable and the students' excessive tendency to go overboard on one or some subjects is corrected to a degree. Nevertheless, it is difficult for all three methods to avoid the unfairness caused by the difference of group level and the distortion of scores caused by normalization of the original scores. By comparative analysis, it has been found that the degree of differentiation and the conversion accuracy of the three scoring methods are different. Therefore, it is suggested that different provinces and cities should formulate the appropriate scoring methods according to their own situations and the characteristics of the current three scoring methods.

收稿日期: 2019-11-05
基金项目: 天津市哲学社会科学规划青年项目"天津市高考改革研究"(TJJXQN17-002)

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