在线阅读 --自然科学版 2020年1期《朝鲜慈江道、两江道地名景观空间分布特征——以日本统治时期地名为主》
朝鲜慈江道、两江道地名景观空间分布特征——以日本统治时期地名为主--[在线阅读]
夏志1, 金石柱2
1. 延边大学 国际研究生学院, 吉林 延吉 133002;
2. 延边大学 东北亚研究院, 吉林 延吉 133002
起止页码: 74--84页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.nse.2020.01.011
摘要
以日本统治时期的朝鲜慈江道和两江道共1228个地名作为研究对象,从地理学角度,对慈江道和两江道地名进行分类与分布特征分析.将两道地名分为自然地名和人文地名2个大类,以及山系、水系、方位、交通、意愿等14个亚类.两道总体地名类型分布为自然地名数量高于人文地名数量.两道在人文地名分布上具有一致性,均为意愿地名、军事地名和交通地名的数量为前3位.在自然地名中,慈江道的方位地名数量最高,两江道的山系地名数量最高.基于ArcGIS软件,对两道地名分别进行核密度、空间自相关、高程、坡度和坡向分析,得出两道地名分布在空间上呈现不均衡性和空间正相关性,两道地名在高程、坡度和坡向上分布具有一致性特征.两道地名均集中于高程较低、坡度偏小、日照条件和强度良好的地区.

Spatial Distribution Characteristics of Toponym Landscapes on the Jagang and Ryanggang in North Korea: Names of Places in Japanese Rule
XIA Zhi1, JIN Shizhu2
1. School of International Graduate, Yanbian University, Jilin Yanji 133002, China;
2. Institute of Northeast Asia, Yanbian University, Jilin Yanji 133002, China
Abstract:
1228 geographical names of Jagang and Ryanggang in North Korea are taken as study objects.From perspective of geography,geographical names of Jagang and Ryanggang are analyzed.They are divided into two categories:natural names and cultural names,and fourteen sub-categories such as mountain systems,river systems,azimuth,traffic,and willingness.These two types of overall place names are distributed as the number of natural place names greater than that of cultural places.They have consistency in the distribution of cultural geographical names.The number of will names,military names and traffic names is the greatest.Among natural names,Jagang has the greatest number of azimuth geographical names,and Ryanggang has the greatest number of mountain system names.Based on ArcGIS software,nuclear density,spatial autocorrelation,elevation,slope and aspect of geographical names in these two provinces are analyzed.It is concluded that the distribution of geographical names in these two provinces is spatially uneven and positively related.The distribution of geographical names in these two provinces in elevation,slope and aspect has consistent characteristics.All place names are concentrated in areas where elevation is low,slope is small,and sunshine conditions and intensity are good.

收稿日期: 2019-03-24
基金项目: 国家自然科学基金(41761027)

参考文献:
[1]中国大百科全书总编辑委员会《地理学》编辑委员会.中国大百科全书(地理学·地名条)[M].北京:中国大百科全书出版社,1992. China Encyclopedia Editor-in-Chief of the "Geography" Editorial Board.China Encyclopedia (Geography and Place Names)[M].Beijing:China Encyclopedia Publishing House,1992.
[2]高丙中.《保护非物质文化遗产公约》的精神构成与中国实践[J].中南民族大学学报(人文社会科学版),2017,37(4):56-63.doi:10.3969/j.issn.1672-433X.2017.04.013 GAO Bingzhong.The Spiritual Composition of the Convention for the Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage and China's Practice[J].Journal of South-central University for Nationalities (Humanities and Social Sciences),2017,37(4):56-63.
[3]ANDERSON K,DOMOSH M,PILE S,et al.Handbook of Cultural Geography[M].London:Sage Publications,2003:1-580.
[4]ANDERSON K,DOMOSH M,PILE S,et al.Handbook of Cultural Geography[M].London:Thousand Oaks,Calif Sage,2002.
[5]STEPHEN J C.Place-naming,Environment,and Perception Among the Canyon de Chelly Navajo of Arizona[J].The Professional Geographer,1997,49(4):481-493.doi:10.1111/0033-0124.00094
[6]GRAEME G.Changing Symbols:The Renovation of Moscow Place Names[J].The Russian Review,2005,64:480-503.doi:10.1111/j.1467-9434.2005.00371.x
[7]STEPHAN F.An Integrated Approach to Germanic Place Names in the American Midwest[J].The Professional Geographer,2015,67(3):330-341.doi:10.1080/00330124.2014.968834
[8]CAPRA G F,GANGE A,FILZMOSER P,et al.Combing Place Names and Scientific Knowledge on Soil Resources Through an Integrated Ethnopedological Approach[J].Catena,2016,142(3):89-101.doi:10.1016/j.catena.2016.03.003
[9]马珊,贾文毓.福建省乡镇地名的语源类型及空间分布[J].山西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2015(S1):83-85. MA Shan,JIA Wenyu.The Source Type and Spatial Distribution of Township Names in Fujian Province[J].Journal of Shanxi Teachers University (Natural Science),2015(S1):83-85.
[10]李澜,任福,陈茜茜,等.GIS支持的湖北省土家语地名景观特征分析[J].地名论坛,2014(7):57-60. LI Lan,REN Fu,CHEN Xixi,et al.GIS-supported Landscape Characteristics Analysis of Tujia Place Names in Hubei Province[J].Place Names Forum,2014(7):57-60.
[11]康雷,贾文毓.河北省县级地名的类型及空间分布[J].山西师范大学学报(自然科学版),2015,29:89-91. KANG Lei,JIA Wenyu.Types and Spatial Distribution of County-level Place Names in Hebei Province[J].Journal of Shanxi Normal University (Natural Science),2015,29:89-91.
[12]金悦.通化市聚落地名空间分布及区域特征研究[D].延吉:延边大学,2018. JIN Yue.Study on the Spatial Distribution and Regional Characteristics of Place Names in Tonghua City[D].Yanji:Yanbian University,2018.
[13]朱鹏飞.长白山地区地名文化景观研究[D].延吉:延边大学,2018. ZHU Pengfei.Study on the Cultural Landscape of Geographical Names in Changbai Mountains[D].Yanji:Yanbian University,2018.
[14]方睨柱.朝鲜概观[M].平壤:朝鲜平壤外文出版社,1987. FANG Yuzhu.Overview of North Korea[M].Pyongyang:Pyongyang Foreign Language Press,North Korea,1987.
[15]孟庆玲.朝鲜地名形成背景与空间分布研究[D].延吉:延边大学,2016. MENG Qingling.Study on the Background and Spatial Distribution of Geographical Names in Korea[D].Yanji:Yanbian University,2016.
[16]陈晨,修春亮,陈伟,等.基于GIS的北京地名文化景观空间分布特征及其成因[J].地理科学,2014(4):420-429. CHEN Chen,XIU Chunliang,CHEN Wei,et al.Spatial Distribution Characteristics and Causes of Cultural Landscape of Beijing Place Names Based on GIS[J].Geographic Science,2014(4):420-429.
[17]刘惠云.朝鲜、韩国地图册[M].北京:中国地图出版社,1999. LIU Huiyun.Atlas of North and South Korea[M].Beijing:China Map Publishing House,1999.
[18]李建华,米文宝,冯翠月,等.基于GIS的宁夏中卫县地名文化景观分析[J].人文地理,2011(1):100-104. LI Jianhua,MI Wenbao,FENG Cuiyue,et al.Geographical Names Cultural Landscape Analysis of Zhongwei County,Ningxia Based on GIS[J].Human Geography,2011(1):100-104.
[19]张晗,赵小敏,欧阳真程,等.基于空间自相关的耕地质量空间差异特征及耕地保护分区——以江西省上高县为例[J].水土保持研究,2018,25(1):304-312. ZHANG Han,ZHAO Xiaomin,OUYANG Zhencheng,et al.Based on Spatial Autocorrelation of Cultivated Land Quality and Cultivated Land Protection Zoning:Taking Shanggao County of Jiangxi Province as an Example[J].Soil and Water Conservation Research,2018,25(1):304-312.
[20]段滢滢,陆锋.基于道路结构特征识别的城市交通状态空间自相关分析[J].地球信息科学学报,2012,14(6):768-774. DUAN Yingying,LU Feng.Spatial Autocorrelation Analysis of Urban Traffic State Based on Road Structure Feature Recognition[J].Journal of Geo-information Science,2012,14(6):768-774.
[21]夏志,刘畅,金石柱.跨文化传播视角下皮影戏的空间扩散特征[J].天水师范学院学报,2018,38(5):65-69. XIA Zhi,LIU Chang,JIN Shizhu.Spatial diffusion Characteristics of Shadow Play from the Perspective of Cross-cultural Communication[J].Journal of Tianshui Normal University,2018,38(5):65-69.
[22]金石柱,肖龙.吉林省东部地区高句丽、渤海国遗址分布对比[J].延边大学学报(社会科学版),2016(1):66-72. JIN Shizhu,XIAO Long.Distribution Comparison of Koguryo and Bohai State Sites in Eastern Jilin Province[J].Journal of Yanbian University (Social Science),2016(1):66-72.
[23]朴汉培.延边地区地名文化景观研究[D].延吉:延边大学,2014. PIAO Hanpei.Study on the Cultural Landscape of Geographical Names in Yanbian Area[D].Yanji:Yanbian University,2014.
[24]烟贯发,万鲁河,温智虹,等.基于RS和DEM的长白山天池植被分布的坡度坡向分析[J].测绘通报,2012(S1):233-236,239. YAN Guanfa,WAN Luhe,WEN Zhihong,et al.Slope and Aspect Analysis of Vegetation Distribution in Tianchi Lake of Changbai Mountain Based on RS and DEM[J].Surveying and Mapping Bulletin,2012(S1):233-236,239.