在线阅读 --自然科学版 2019年2期《雪鸡-坪春都铜矿区土壤重金属污染评价》
雪鸡-坪春都铜矿区土壤重金属污染评价--[在线阅读]
陈文德1, 向莉莉1, 何政伟2
1. 成都理工大学 旅游与城乡规划学院, 四川 成都 610059;
2. 成都理工大学 地质调查院, 四川 成都 610059
起止页码: 163--170页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.nse.2019.02.012
摘要
以香格里拉县雪鸡坪-春都铜矿区土壤为研究对象,分析长期采矿活动对表层土壤重金属含量的影响.通过对矿区土壤的重金属(Cd,Hg,As,Cu,Cr,Zn,Pb)含量进行测定,以国家土壤环境质量3级标准和云南省土壤背景值为评价标准,采用内梅罗综合指数法分析矿区土壤的重金属污染现状,运用Hakanson潜在生态危害指数法进行潜在生态风险评估.结果表明:矿区长期开采活动导致Hg,As,Pb,Zn,Cu这5种重金属含量高于云南省土壤背景值,Hg,As,Pb,Zn,Cu,Cd这6种重金属含量高于全国土壤背景值;Cu的单因子污染指数值最高,污染水平超标,为该矿区土壤的主要污染元素;综合土壤环境指数为1.14,土壤受到轻度污染;矿区Hg元素具有强的生态危害,Cu元素具有中等生态危害,其余元素为轻微生态危害,综合生态危害指数为226.22,整体上该矿区的生态风险属于中等水平.

Evaluation of Heavy Metal Pollution in Soil of Xuejiping-Chundu Copper Mining Area
CHEN Wende1, XIANG Lili1, HE Zhengwei2
1. College of Tourism and Urban-rural Planning, Chengdu University of Technology, Sichuan Chengdu 610059, China;
2. Geological Survey Institute, Chengdu University of Technology, Sichuan Chengdu 610059, China
Abstract:
In this paper,soil in Xuejiping-Chundu copper deposit of Shangri-la county is taken as the object of study to analyze the influence of mining activity on heavy metal content in surface soil.Through the analysis of heavy metal (Cd,Hg,As,Cu,Cr,Zn,Pb) contents of soil in the mining area,the national soil environment quality three-level standard and soil background values in Yunnan are used as evaluation criteria.Nemero comprehensive index method is used to analyze the status of heavy metal pollution in soil of the mining area and the potential ecological risk assessment is made by Hakanson potential ecological hazard index method.The results show that long-term mining activities lead to contents of five heavy metals Hg,As,Pb,Zn and Cu higher than soil background values in Yunnan.Contents of six heavy metals Hg,As,Pb,Zn,Cu and Cd are higher than national soil background values.Element Cu has the highest single factor pollution index,the pollution level exceeds the standard and is the main pollution element in soil of the mining area.The integrated soil environmental index is 1.14,and soil is lightly polluted.Element Hg in the mining area has high ecological hazard,and element Cu has moderate ecological hazard,and the other elements have minor ecological hazards.The comprehensive ecological risk index is 226.22.As a whole,ecological risk of the mining area is moderate.

收稿日期: 2018-11-02
基金项目: 四川省教育厅自然科学重点项目(14za0068);四川省科技支撑计划(2014SZ0068)

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