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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2016年3期《康德哲学中的理性进程及其转向》
康德哲学中的理性进程及其转向--[在线阅读]
张彬
厦门理工学院 思想政治理论课教研部, 福建 厦门 361024
起止页码: 97--100页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2016.03.013
摘要
理性是康德哲学的核心内容。康德将理性视为人的先天倾向,一种追求绝对整体和无条件起点的路径。在理论理性中,这种倾向将人带入二律背反的境地;在实践理性中,康德通过提出意志自由、灵魂不死和上帝存在的公设将形而上学建立在道德领域。谢林与费希特认为这种做法会使批判哲学的根基置于宗教和信仰之上,由此对康德在第一批判中的先验自我意识理论进行了扩展,提出从绝对自我出发展开整个哲学体系,进而实现了对康德理性进路的转向。

The progress and changes in reasoning of the philosophy by Kant
ZHANG Bin
Department of Politics, Xiamen College of Technology, Xiamen, Fujian 361024, China
Abstract:
Reason is the core issue in Kant's philosophy, who deems it as human innate rational tendency and a starting point for overall absolute and unconditional pursuit of path. In the theoretical reason, this will introduce two tendencies of plight antinomy. However, in practical reason, Kant proposes that the will of freedom, immortality of soul and existence of God enables metaphysical postulate to be established in the field of ethics. Kant, Fichte and Schelling believe this approach is likely to make critical philosophy in the predicament of religion and belief. And this is the progress and change of Kant's transcendental self-consciousness.

收稿日期: 2016-01-10
基金项目: 厦门理工学院高层次人才引进项目(项目编号:E2014134);厦门理工学院国家社会科学基金预研项目(项目编号:E201411357)

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