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在线阅读 --哲学社会科学版 2014年5期《美国利益集团与行政机构政治互动的模式评析》
美国利益集团与行政机构政治互动的模式评析--[在线阅读]
黄璐
中国环境管理干部学院 马列主义教学部, 河北 秦皇岛 066004
起止页码: 152--155页
DOI: 10.13763/j.cnki.jhebnu.psse.2014.05.024
摘要
美国利益集团与行政机构在美国政策制定体系中密切互动,二者政治互动的模式为“铁三角”模式和“政策联络网”模式,其中“政策联络网”模式比“铁三角”模式结构更为复杂、影响更加深入,并正在逐渐发挥更大作用。这两种模式在美国政治过程中的影响巨大,已经导致立法、司法和行政权力之间越发倾向于彼此合作而非相互制约,从而淡化了三权分立政治体制的优势。同时,这两种模式已经致使利益集团、行政机构和国会组成的联盟内部出现争夺和消耗,不利于整体操控政策制定过程。

American interest group and administrative agency
HUANG Lu
Marxism Teaching Department, Environmental Management College of China, Qinhuangdao, Hebei 066004, China
Abstract:
The American interest group interacts with administrative agencies in the American policy system, and their mode of the political interactions is the iron triangle, and policy liaison network mode, which is much more complex. Both modes have led to the legislative, judicial and executive powers that are more inclined to cooperate with each other instead of mutual restraints, in order to distribute the advantage of the political system of separation of powers. Meanwhile, the two modes have experienced more competitions, which is not in favor of the overall operations of the policy-making process.

收稿日期: 2014-6-20
基金项目:

参考文献:
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[4]陈刚.对美国“三权分立” 体制的再思考[J].天中学刊,2006(12).